Citations:

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"Quintus Metellus Celer", in Wikipedia.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quintus_Met...

Quintus Metellus Celer was a Roman politician in the 1st century BC, and a correspondent of Marcus Tullius Cicero. He became an ally and brother-in-law of Pompey the Great through Pompey’s marriage to Celer’s half-sister Mucia Tertia, and served as legate in Asia during Pompey’s campaigns in the east. When Pompey divorced Mucia in 61, possibly for adultery, Celer took umbrage and joined Pompey’s political opponents. In 60 BC as consul Celer opposed Pompey’s political settlements in the east, and his allotment of land to veterans of his eastern campaigns.

Celer’s reputation was dogged by the scandals attached to his wife, Clodia, the wayward sister of the notorious Publius Clodius Pulcher. A contemporary poem by Catullus “may refer to Celer’s marital ineffectiveness and obtuseness”. The marriage produced a daughter, Caecilia. The couple were known for their blazing public rows. When Celer died in 59 BC, of unknown causes, gossip made Clodia his suspected poisoner.

In 62 BC Celer’s brother, Quintus Metellus Nepos, challenged the legality of Cicero’s actions in dealing with the Catiline conspiracy. Celer, who was serving proconsular governor of Gaul, wrote in support of Cicero. The charge was dismissed.

References

Erich S. Gruen, The Last Generation of the Roman Republic, University of California Press, 1995

See also The Life and Letters of Marcus Tullius Cicero, Henry G. Hohn, London, England, 1848, pg. 334.

The World of Rome: an introduction to Roman culture, Peter V. Jones and Kenneth C. Sidwell, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

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Editorial comment by Laura Knight-Jadczyk

According to the poet Horace (Odes 2.1.1-4), Gaius Asinius Pollio, dated the start of the Civil Wars to the consulship of Quintus Metellus Celer in 60 BC.

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