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Displaying events 1 - 300 of 1136 in total
ID Category Subcategory Date Summary
5402 Archeology Cultural Evidence 22000BC Mal'ta-Buret' culture west of Lake Baikal similar to coeval cultures of Western and Eastern Europe
5488 Archeology Cultural Evidence 14000BC Sunduki the Siberian Stonehenge
5489 Archeology Cultural Evidence 14000BC Giant Megaliths in Siberia Largest in the World
5418 Archeology Cultural Evidence 12500BC Natufian culture of the Eastern Mediterranean; domestication of dogs
5388 Archeology Dating Evidence 11000BC Göbekli Tepe predates pottery, metallurgy, and the invention of writing or the wheel
5365 Archeology Climate Evidence 10900BC The Younger Dryas; sharp decline in temperature over most of the northern hemisphere
5367 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10900BC Younger Dryas impact hypothesis; Clovis comet cause Holocene extinction, global cooling
5368 Archeology Dating Evidence 10900BC Ice core data supports ancient space impact idea
5369 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 10900BC Laacher See formed by a Plinian eruption; widespread destruction; two decades of environmental disruption
5376 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10900BC Palaeolithic extinctions and the Taurid Complex
5378 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10900BC Very high-temperature impact melt products as evidence for cosmic airbursts and impacts 12,900 years ago
5379 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10900BC Evidence from central Mexico supporting the Younger Dryas extraterrestrial impact hypothesis
5424 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 10900BC Holocene extinction; The Sixth Extinction; Younger Dryas Impact Event
5377 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10800BC Evidence for deposition of 10 million tonnes of impact spherules across four continents 12,800 years ago
5380 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10800BC Comprehensive Analysis of Impact Spherules Supports Theory of Cosmic Impact 12,800 Years Ago
5420 Archeology Cultural Evidence 10200BC Mureybetian culture, Pre-Pottery Neolithic A, northern Syria; early agriculture, animal domestication
5374 Archeology Climate Evidence 9100BC The 11.1 kiloyear "Bond" event
5423 Archeology Dating Evidence 9000BC Karaca Dağ, eastern Turkey, site of first domestication of einkorn wheat
5421 Archeology Cultural Evidence 8700BC Tell Aswad settlement, Syria, invented bricks, trade network, domesticated emmer wheat
5419 Archeology Cultural Evidence 8400BC Nevalı Çori, Anatolia; temples and monumental sculpture; Einkorn wheat first domesticated; ceramic firing
5373 Archeology Climate Evidence 8300BC The 10.3 kiloyear "Bond" event
5441 Archeology Cultural Evidence 8000BC Stonehenge complex early stages of development
5389 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 7640BC Tollmann's hypothetical bolide impact event
5422 Archeology Cultural Evidence 7500BC Çatalhöyük, southern Anatolia, proto-city, trade network
5464 Archeology Climate Evidence 7500BC Neolithic subpluvial wet period begins; wet and rainy N. Africa for 2K years
5372 Archeology Climate Evidence 7400BC The 9.4 kiloyear "Bond" Event
5243 Archeology Dating Evidence 7250BC 'Ain Ghazal Neolithic site near Amman, Jordan, settled
5244 Archeology Dating Evidence 6850BC Sesklo culture, Thessaly, Greece used advanced agriculture and made pottery
5413 Archeology Cultural Evidence 6300BC Bug-Dniester culture, Moldavia and Ukraine
5364 Archeology Climate Evidence 6200BC The 8.2 kiloyear "Bond" event; Misox oscillation; Finse event; sudden decrease in global temperatures
5414 Archeology Cultural Evidence 6200BC Starčevo–Kőrös–Criş culture, central and south central Europe, Romania to Serbia, Montenegro
1633 Archeology Tsunami Evidence 6000BC Towering ancient tsunami in Mediterranean, Etna avalanche
1805 Archeology Tsunami Evidence 6000BC Storegga slide tsunami, North Sea Doggerland
5409 Archeology Cultural Evidence 6000BC Cucuteni-Trypillian culture centered on modern-day Moldova with small villages to "vast settlements"
5460 Archeology Cultural Evidence 6000BC Choga Mami, Samarran culture site, S. Iraq; first evidence of canal irrigation
5426 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5700BC Vinča culture, Balkans, earliest copper metallurgy
5430 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5500BC Dnieper–Donets culture, north of Black Sea, late Cro-Magnons contemporaneous with Samara culture, succeeded by Yamna
5439 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5500BC Early metallurgy: copper smelting, Belovode, Serbia: Vinča culture
5461 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5500BC Sumer: first urban civilization in Mesopotamia
5459 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5400BC Eridu: earliest city in southern Mesopotamia
5428 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5025BC Samara culture, middle Volga; Dnieper-Donets culture
5427 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5000BC Khvalynsk on the Volga culture
5458 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5000BC Uruk of Sumer; early state formation and urbanization
5457 Archeology Cultural Evidence 4350BC Leyla-Tepe culture; S. Caucasus Azerbaijan; amphora burials
5057 Geology Earthquake 4000BC Earthquake Palestine - Jericho
5429 Archeology Cultural Evidence 4000BC Sredny Stog culture on the Dnieper river, origin of Indo-Europeans? Horse domestication, corded ware pottery
5435 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3950BC Maykop culture W. Caucasus between Black Sea and Caspian; ties to the Iranian plateau and to South Central Asia
5370 Archeology Climate Evidence 3900BC The 5.9 kiloyear "Bond" event; intense aridification, cooling; triggered worldwide migrations
5401 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3600BC Yamna or Yamnaya culture; Pit Grave Culture; Ochre Grave Culture, develops on the Pontic Steppes
5432 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3500BC Afanasevo culture, south Siberia, Altai mountains, mixed Europoid, wheel, metals, Tarim mummies
5058 Geology Earthquake 3300BC Earthquake Palestine
5463 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3300BC Egyptian hieroglyphs
5466 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3300BC Indus Valley Civilisation; urban planning, metallurgy, wheeled transport, trade network, writing
5462 Archeology Climate Evidence 3250BC Piora Oscillation sudden cooling: volcanic eruption or a meteor or an asteroid impact event
5442 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 3200BC Ancient Irish ancestors came from Middle East, Pontic steppe
5193 Celestial Tunguska-like event 3123BC Jun. 29 Overhead comet/asteroid explosion; Köfels’ Impact
5438 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3000BC Bactria–Margiana Archaeological Complex civilisation of Central Asia; monumental structures; evidence of wheeled transport
5400 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2900BC Corded Ware culture, Battle Axe Culture, Single Grave Culture; major north and central European culture from the Rhine to the Volga; related to Yamna
5425 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2800BC Bell-Beaker maritime culture, spread over Europe, emerged from the lower Rhine and North Sea regions
5431 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2800BC Catacomb culture, Ukraine, corded ware pottery, polished battle axe, cranial deformation
5059 Geology Earthquake 2700BC Earthquake Palestine
5386 Archeology Dating Evidence 2600BC Umm an-Nar culture in northern Oman and Abu Dhabi; beehive tombs with pottery vessels of Mesopotamian origin
5394 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2600BC Cretan hieroglyphs, artefacts of Minoans
5393 Archeology Epigraphic Evidence 2500BC Linear A writing system; Minoan language connected to Etruscan?
5390 Archeology Dating Evidence 2400BC Gutian people in Zagros mountains; pale in complexion and blonde; rapacious barbarians from east central Asia
5387 Archeology Dating Evidence 2350BC Akkadian Empire created by Sargon controlled Mesopotamia, the Levant, and parts of Iran
1154 Archeology Climate Evidence 2349BC Tree ring evidence, Ireland, "Noah's flood"
5151 Archeology Climate Evidence 2300BC Abrupt Climate Change Syria and Palestine
5152 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 2300BC Earthquake Site destruction and abandonment in Palestine/Syria
5153 Archeology Climate Evidence 2300BC Adverse Climate Changes Mesopotamia/Iran
5154 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 2300BC Site Destruction and abandonment in Mesopotamia/Iran
5163 Archeology Climate Evidence 2300BC Adverse Climate Changes in Anatolia and Cyprus
5164 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2300BC Site Destruction and abandonment in Anatolia (Troy incl.)
5166 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 2300BC Earthquake and crustal warping in Anatolia, Black Sea, and Rhodes
5168 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2300BC Site Destruction and abandoment in southern and central Greece
5170 Society Mass Death 2300BC Adverse Climate Changes in Egypt, dynasty collapse, severe famine, cannibalism
5171 Environment Drought 2300BC Adverse Climate Changes in Egypt, desertification
5172 Society Mass Migration 2300BC Exodus event?
5173 Environment Dust/Ash Veil 2300BC Dust from unknown source
5174 Celestial Tunguska-like event 2300BC Widespread destruction event, possible Tunguska-like
5175 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2300BC Pre-Harappan civilization disappears from Indus region
5176 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2300BC Widespread site abandonment in Central Asia
5182 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2300BC Earthquakes, crustal movement, floods, Indus Valley
5185 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 2300BC Land subsidence, Sri Lanka
5186 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 2300BC Rakshasos, falling meteoroids, associated with "terrible clamor" and sea level rise in Southern India
5468 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2300BC Urukagina; first law code in recorded history
5416 Society Politics 2214BC Gutian dynasty of Sumer, destruction of Akkad
5177 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 2200BC Harappan culture migrates from Western Asia to Indus region
5371 Archeology Climate Evidence 2200BC The 4.2 kiloyear "Bond" event; aridification, cooling; empire collapse; cultural upheaval; mass migrations
5417 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2181BC First Intermediate Period of Egypt, Divided Egypt, famine, chaos
5415 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2112BC Third Dynasty of Ur, Neo-Sumerian Empire, Law Code of Ur-Nammu
5060 Geology Earthquake 2100BC Earthquake Palestine
5169 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2100BC Earthquakes in Anatolia
5242 Other Other 2100BC Epic of Gilgamesh stories composed
5433 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2000BC Srubna culture; along the N. shore of Black Sea; precursors of Cimmerians?
5434 Archeology Cultural Evidence 2000BC Andronovo culture in W. Siberia, W. Asiatic steppes; early Indo-Aryans/Iranians; Cimmerians and Saka/Scythians; Thracians
5183 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1900BC End of Harappan Civilization, floods, earthquakes
5467 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1806BC Ipuwer Papyrus, turmoil, arrival of the Asiatics
5465 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1800BC Tarim mummies; tall, red-haired Europoids in W. China
5253 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 1780BC Vesuvius Vented Its Wrath during Bronze Age
5399 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1700BC Trzciniec culture of Eastern Europe develops around Łódź; spread to parts of Poland and Western Ukraine; from Corded Ware culture
5469 Archeology Pestilence Evidence 1686BC Early Divergent Strains of Yersinia pestis found in Kytmanovo, Russia
1632 Archeology Epigraphic Evidence 1650BC Tempest Stele with meteorological data erected by Pharaoh Ahmose, dates eruption of Thera
5127 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 1650BC Eruption of Thera, Collapse of Bronze Age Mediterranean civilization, Volcanic Winter around the World
5155 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 1650BC Eruption of Thera Changed World
5156 Archeology Tsunami Evidence 1650BC Tsunami generated by Theran eruption
5157 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 1650BC Earthquake caused by Theran Eruption
5158 Archeology Epigraphic Evidence 1650BC Worldwide effects of Theran Eruption - China
5159 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 1650BC Theran eruption/possible comet/asteroid event related
5160 Archeology Dating Evidence 1650BC Dating the Eruption of Thera
5161 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 1650BC Mass displacement of populations resulting from Theran eruption
5408 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1600BC The Tumulus culture dominates Central Europe
5407 Society Politics 1570BC Kassites rule of Babylon
5061 Geology Earthquake 1560BC Earthquake Palestine
5396 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1500BC Kingdom of Mitanni aristocracy shows Indo-Aryan roots
5436 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1500BC Karasuk culture; Central Asian steppes; advanced, industrial metal workers
5440 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1500BC Yaz culture; early Iranian culture as described in Avesta; sky burial
5395 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1450BC Linear B: syllabic script used for writing Mycenaean Greek
5403 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1450BC Kaskians, peoples living in mountainous Pontic Anatolia during Hittite times; unknown origins
5383 Society Economy 1300BC Urnfield Culture appears in Central Europe; grows out of Tumulus culture
5398 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1300BC Lusatian culture of Eastern Europe develops from preceding Trzciniec culture
5411 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1280BC Canegrate Culture, Northern Italy; first migratory wave of the proto-Celts
5358 Society War 1274BC Battle of Kadesh and subsequent peace treaty
5397 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1250BC Bryges or Briges related to Phrygians, migrated to Balkans from Lausitz culture of Poland
5701 Archeology War/Battle Evidence 1250BC Colossal Bronze Age battle in Germany on Tollense River near Baltic Sea; unprecedented warfare; warriors from all over Europe
2231 Geology Volcanic Eruption 1226BC Mount Etna erupts
5354 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1200BC Late Bronze Age collapse; almost every significant city in the eastern Mediterranean world destroyed
5355 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1190BC Mycenaean Greece perishes with the collapse of Bronze-Age culture in the eastern Mediterranean
5357 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1190BC Syrian Cities destroyed in conflagration during collapse of the Late Bronze Age
5360 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1190BC Cities of Cyprus destroyed during Late Bronze Age collapse
5361 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1190BC Cities of Anatolia destroyed during Late Bronze Age collapes; many never re-occupied
5359 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1189BC Cities of the Levant destroyed by fire during Late Bronze Age collapse
5200 Society Sack or Destruction of City 1188BC Fall of Troy
5201 Celestial Comet 1188BC Pleiades-Arctic comet "trails out for a long distance" associated with the fall of Troy recorded in Roman texts
5362 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1185BC Areas in Mesopotamia that marginally survived Late Bronze Age collapse
5356 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1180BC Hattusas burned to the ground; Hittite kingdom vanishes from the historical record
5381 Society Mass Migration 1180BC Phrygians appear in historical record; migrate from southern Balkans to Anatolia upon collapse of Hittite empire
5382 Society Mass Migration 1180BC Mushki appear in historical record, migrating from the West, following collapse of Late Bronze Age
5184 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 1175BC Earthquakes destroyed Bronze Age civilization
5646 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1150BC Collapse of the Terramare culture in northern Italy; settlements abandoned for several centuries
5202 Celestial Comet 1140BC Very large, bright comet or meteor with tail like a scorpion observed in Babylon
5404 Society People 1114BC Tiglath-Pileser I; made Assyria the leading power of the Middle East
5385 Archeology Dating Evidence 1100BC The Greek Dark Age following widespread collapse of Bronze Age civilization in the eastern Mediterranean
5473 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1100BC Latins: Indo-Europeans migrated to Italy after collapse of Bronze Age
5363 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1070BC Egyptian empire falls during Late Bronze Age collapse
133 Celestial Comet 1059BC Comet, broom star with tail observed in China
5062 Geology Earthquake 1050BC Earthquake Palestine
134 Celestial Unspecified Prodigies 1034BC (Spr.) A new star appears near the North Star, comet or nova; observed in China
5366 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 1021BC Hekla 3 eruption causes 18 years of global cooling; tree ring and ice core evidence
5470 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1000BC Ligures: earliest Indo-European speakers of the European West; direct descendants of Cro-Magnon?
5203 Celestial Falling Fire 975BC Terrible comet-like ball of fire seen over Ethiopia and Egypt
135 Celestial Comet 974BC Mar. Bushy Star Comet in the north polar region; observed in China
5392 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 950BC Dorian invasion hypothesis becomes Dorian migration and settling after collapse of Bronze Age
1613 Archeology Dating Evidence 910BC Early construction at Rome
5405 Archeology Cultural Evidence 900BC Kingdom of Tabal; neo-Hittite, Luwian speaking, south central Anatolia
5410 Archeology Cultural Evidence 900BC Golasecca culture, Northern Italy
5412 Archeology Cultural Evidence 900BC Villanovan culture of central and northern Italy related to the Central European Urnfield culture
5406 Archeology Cultural Evidence 860BC Urartu, Ararat, Vannic Kingdom, successor of the Late Bronze Age Hurrian state of Mitanni
2885 Society Mass Death 850BC Olympic Games restored to end long period of war and pestilence
5384 Archeology Dating Evidence 800BC Hallstatt culture becomes predominant Central European culture; spread to western Iberian peninsula, Britain, and Ireland
5437 Archeology Cultural Evidence 800BC Tagar culture south Siberia; bronze-smelting; Scythian circle
5178 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 791BC Jun. 24 Solar eclipse, annular, crosses Mediterranean
5093 Celestial Solar Eclipse 780BC Jun. 4 Solar eclipse observed in China
5179 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 778BC Apr. 4 Solar eclipse, annular, crosses Mediterranean
5087 Society People 776BC Retrospective calculation of the First Olympiad used for dating purposes
5180 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 775BC Jan. 31 Solar eclipse, partial, visible from central and southern Europe
5223 Society People 771BC Mar. 28 Traditional Birth of Romulus, founder and King of Rome
5181 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 771BC Nov. 8 Solar eclipse, annular, crosses Mediterranean
5187 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 765BC Feb. 10 Solar eclipse, total, crosses Mediterranean
5636 Society War 763BC War with Fidenae and Veii under Romulus
2607 Celestial Solar Eclipse 763BC Jun. 15 Solar eclipse, key to ancient chronology
5188 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 763BC Jun. 15 Solar eclipse, total, crosses Arabia
2413 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 760BC The Amos Earthquake
5165 Archeology Dating Evidence 753BC Apr. 21 Founding of Rome
5234 Society People 750BC Homer
5350 Society People 747BC Reign of Nabonassar, King of Babylon
5351 Society Science 747BC Beginning of Babylonian Chronicles; first step in development of ancient historiography
5352 Society Science 747BC Beginning of Babylonian Astronomical Diaries recording 21 years of instability of the orbit of Venus
2525 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 747BC Feb. 6 Lunar eclipse
5083 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 747BC Aug. 2 Lunar eclipse
5084 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 746BC Jan. 26 Lunar Eclipse
5085 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 746BC Jul. 22 Lunar eclipse
5090 Society Politics 745BC Tiglath-Pileser III siezes Assyrian throne
5189 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 744BC Dec. 9 Solar eclipse, annular, crosses Central Europe
5094 Society Politics 739BC Hiram II becomes King of Tyre
5190 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 737BC Jul. 26 Solar eclipse, annular, crosses north Africa
5095 Society Mass Migration 734BC Syracuse Sicily founded
5096 Society Mass Migration 734BC Naxus, Sicily founded
5092 Society Sack or Destruction of City 732BC Deportation of Israelites Tiglath-Pileser III
5089 Society Politics 727BC Babylon rebels against Assyria
5091 Society Sack or Destruction of City 722BC Deportation of Israelites - Shalmaneser V, Sargon II
5114 Society War 722BC Sargon II usurps throne - 17 years of war and mass death
2608 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 721BC Mar. 19 Lunar eclipse
2609 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 719BC Mar. 8 Lunar eclipse
5086 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 719BC Sep. 1 Lunar eclipse
5162 Celestial Solar Eclipse 717BC Jul. 5 Solar eclipse, Descending cloud, blasts of wind and rain, disappearance/ascent of Romulus
5220 Society People 715BC Reign of Numa Pompilius, second King of Rome
5349 Archeology Epigraphic Evidence 715BC Archaeologists Find Biblical-Era Seal Of King Hezekiah In Jerusalem; winged sun and ankhs
2516 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 714BC Oct. 24 Lunar eclipse, Sargon II of Assyria
5167 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 709BC Jul. 17 Solar eclipse, total crosses northern Italy
689 Society Mass sickness 707BC Numa Pompilius, pestilence
5227 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 707BC "Shield" falls from the sky during pestilence
5124 Society Mass Migration 706BC Spartans found Tarentum
5346 Society People 705BC Reign of Sennacherib, king of Assyria
5347 Society War 701BC Assyrian Siege of Jerusalem; a calamity has come down from the Lord
5348 Society War 701BC Siege of Lachish
5126 Society Politics 700BC End of Villanovan, rise of Etruscan in Italy
5222 Archeology Dating Evidence 700BC Temple from the time of Numa Pompilius found
5528 Society Laws and legal system 700BC Vestal Virgins; state supported priestesses
398 Celestial Falling Fire 687BC Mar. 23 Stars fall like rain, with rain, bright night without stars
2920 Geology Earthquake 680BC Earth quaked for a whole day during Esarhaddon's reign
5310 Society People 680BC Archilochus: earliest known Greek author to compose almost entirely on the theme of his own emotions and experiences
1253 Celestial Comet 674BC Oct. Comet observed by Babylonians
5219 Society People 673BC Reign of Tullus Hostilius, third King of Rome
2615 Celestial Solar Eclipse 669BC May 17 Solar eclipse observed by Babylonians
5637 Society War 663BC Second War with Fidenae and Veii, under Tullus Hostilius
5338 Society Politics 657BC Expulsion of the Bacchiadae from Corinth
2618 Celestial Solar Eclipse 657BC Apr. 15 Solar eclipse Assyrian astrological reports
2706 Geology Earthquake 656BC Mar. Earthquake recorded by Assyrians
2648 Celestial Solar Eclipse 648BC Apr. 6 Earliest solar eclipse to be chronicled by the Greeks
2914 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 644BC Dec. 24 Fireball observed in Babylon and China; falling stones
5249 Society People 642BC Reign of Ancus Marcius, fourth King of Rome
5270 Society War 640BC First Latin War; Rome against the Latins; people captured and made citizens of Rome
19 Celestial Comet 632BC Broom Star, Auriga
2865 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 631BC May 24 Lunar eclipse
5228 Society People 624BC Thales of Miletus philosopher and mathematician, one of the Seven Sages of Greece
2619 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 620BC Apr. 21 Lunar eclipse recorded by Babylonians, analyzed by Ptolemy
5250 Society People 616BC Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquin the Elder, fifth King of Rome
1268 Celestial Other 612BC Venus "casts a shadow by its rays" (Pythagoras)
2881 Society War 612BC Fall of Nineveh, Assyrian Empire collapses
5191 Society Famine 612BC Famine in Babylon reported with lunar eclipse observation
2856 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 612BC Nov. 5 Lunar eclipse
20 Celestial Comet 611BC Aug. Broom Star Great Bear, Big Dipper - possible Halley's sighting?
5192 Society Famine 610BC Famine in Babylon reported with lunar eclipse observation
5229 Society People 610BC Anaximander
2610 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 610BC Sep. 15 Lunar eclipse
5375 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 600BC The 1.4 kiloyear "Bond" event; mass migration period
5271 Society War 588BC Second Latin War; Rome acquires more territory
5230 Society People 585BC Anaximenes of Miletus
1269 Celestial Solar Eclipse 584BC May 28 First predicted solar eclipse, Thales of Miletus
2900 Society War 580BC Battle of the Sagra: Apparition of the Dioscuri
5311 Society Assassination 578BC Assassination of Tarquinius by the sons of Ancus Marcius
5312 Society People 578BC Reign of Servius Tullius, the Etruscan 'Mastarna', sixth King of Rome; building of defenses, division of Rome into districts, other reforms
5638 Society War 571BC Nov. 25 War with Veii and the Etruscans, under Servius Tullius
5213 Society People 570BC Pythagoras
5231 Society People 570BC Xenophanes
2627 Celestial Unspecified Prodigies 567BC Mar. 12 Sky glowing red in the West observed from Babylon
2882 Society War 557BC May 19 Solar eclipse, Cyrus the Great captures Larissa
5471 Archeology Cultural Evidence 550BC Lepontic Language
2512 Geology Earthquake 544BC Earthquake predicted by Pherecydes of Syros
5194 Society War 539BC Oct. Fall of Babylon to Cyrus the Great
5233 Society People 535BC Heraclitus of Ephesus
5313 Society People 534BC Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, seventh and last King of Rome
38 Celestial Comet 532BC (Spr.) Comet or nova in Aquarius, China
39 Celestial Comet 525BC (Win.) Bushy Star, Antares, China
5063 Geology Earthquake 525BC Earthquake Palestine
2632 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 523BC Jul. 16 Lunar eclipse 7th year of Cambyses analyzed by Ptolemy
5214 Society People 522BC Pindar
5293 Society People 519BC Cincinnatus, patrician opponent of justice and equality under the law
40 Celestial Comet 516BC Broom Star, China
5235 Society People 515BC Parmenides of Elea
5314 Society Politics 509BC Expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus, Founding of Roman Republic; Consuls: Lucius Iunius Brutus and Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus
5624 Society War 509BC Horatius Cocles defends Rome at the Sublicius bridge against Etruscans, Lars Porsenna
5639 Society War 509BC War with Veii and Tarquinii, after the overthrow of the monarchy in 509 BC
5272 Society War 508BC Lars Porsena War between Clusium and Aricia; Rome acquires survivors as citizens
5640 Society War 508BC War with Etruscan Clusium; siege of Rome
5641 Society War 505BC War between Rome and the Sabines/Etruscans
5273 Society War 503BC The Pometian revolt against Rome
2633 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 502BC Nov. 19 Lunar eclipse 20th year of Darius, analyzed by Ptolemy
5622 Society Politics 501BC Titus Lartius first Roman dictator
41 Celestial Comet 500BC Broom Star, China
5391 Archeology Dating Evidence 500BC La Tène culture develops from Iron Age Hallstatt culture; Celtoi, Galli; expands to Hispania, Italy, the Balkans, Asia Minor
5274 Society War 499BC Battle of Lake Regillus; thirty cities revolt against Rome
5693 Society Laws and legal system 497BC Dec. Temple of Saturn dedicated; first Saturnalia in Rome
5275 Society War 495BC Volscian invasion; Rome's plebs refuse to fight without reforms and debt relief
5537 Society Politics 495BC Conflict of the Orders develops; political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners) and Patricians (aristocrats)
5626 Society Politics 495BC P. Servilius Priscus Structus passed edict for partial amelioration of debt slavery in order to levy an army
5627 Society War 495BC Rome defended against Volscians by army-of-debtors; soldiers allowed to plunder to relieve their poverty
5628 Society Politics 495BC Civil discord at Rome due to debt slavery and extreme poverty; plebs refuse military service
5623 Society Politics 494BC Agitation of impoverished plebs; Titus Lartius unsuccessfully advocated measures to relieve the plebs from the burdens of debt
5629 Society War 494BC Volscians, the Aequi, and the Sabines join forces against Rome; defense by debtor-army
5540 Society Politics 494BC Dec. First Secession of the Plebs due to extreme debt and wealth/political inequality
5276 Society Politics 493BC Foedus Cassianum, military alliance between the Latin cities with Rome
5543 Society Politics 493BC Plebeian Council's authority recognized by Patricians (unwillingly)
5197 Society War 492BC First Persian Invasion of Greece
5633 Society Famine 492BC Famine due to war
5625 Society Politics 491BC Gaius Marcius Coriolanus defects to the Volscii after enraging the patricians and plebeians
2636 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 491BC Apr. 25 Lunar eclipse, 31st year of Darius, Ptolemy
2637 Geology Other 490BC Earthquake at Delos, said to be first by Herodotus
5236 Society People 490BC Zeno of Elea
5237 Society People 490BC Empedocles formulates 4 elements and 2 powers of the cosmos
5240 Society People 490BC Protagoras, first relativist
2638 Celestial Tunguska-like event 490BC Sep. 12 Battle of Marathon Divine Intervention
5195 Society Massacre 490BC Sep. 12 Battle of Marathon
5621 Society Politics 486BC Spurius Cassius Viscellinus authored agrarian law; accused of pandering to the masses and seeking kingship; executed
5630 Society Expiation 485BC Supernatural portents expiated by punishment of Oppia, a Vestal virgin who was convicted of unchastity
5211 Society People 484BC Herodotus
5694 Society Laws and legal system 484BC Jul. Temple of Castor and Pollux dedicated
5615 Society Expiation 483BC Following a series of portents the vestal virgin Oppia/Opimia was found guilty of a breach of chastity; buried alive
5642 Society War 483BC The Fabian war with Veii