Geographical sites:

  • Ameria (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #413012)
    Pleiades_icon Ameria city-wall, settlement Description: Ameria, claimed by Cato the Elder as the oldest town in Umbria, was an important center that may have gained Roman municipal status as early as 338 BC, following the Latin War.
  • Tuder (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #413354)
    Pleiades_icon Tuder settlement, settlement-modern Geocontext: Todi
    Description: Tuder, modern Todi, is an ancient city of Umbria. Its foundation likely occurred during the eighth/seventh centuries BC, although legendary traditions associate the site with the activities of Herakles.


Text #1692

Pliny. Natural History. Series: Natural History. Vol. 1
[Plin. Nat. 2.58. Translated by H. Rackham. Harvard University Press. 1938. (10 Vols.) p. 285]

We are told that during the wars with the Cimbri a noise of clanging armour and the sounding of a trumpet were heard from the sky, and that the same thing has happened frequently both before then and later. In the third consulship of Marius the inhabitants of Ameria and Tuder saw the spectacle of heavenly armies advancing from the East and the West to meet in battle, those from the West being routed. It has often been seen, and is not at all surprising, that the sky itself catches fire when the clouds have been set on fire by an exceptionally large flame.

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