Text #1899

Dio Cassius. Roman History. Vol. 3
[DioCass. 40.17. Translated by Earnest Cary. Harvard University Press. 1914. (9 Vols.) p. 429]


And when the winter set in, in which Gnaeus Calvinus and Valerius Messalla became consuls , many portents occurred even in Rome itself. Owls and wolves were seen, the dogs prowled about and whined, some sacred statues exuded sweat and others were struck by lightning. 2 The offices, partly through rivalry but chiefly by reason of the omens and portents, were with difficulty filled at last in the seventh month. Those signs, however, gave no clear indication as to what the event would be; for affairs in the city were in a turmoil, the Gauls had risen again, and, though the Romans knew not how as yet, they had become involved in war with the Parthians. 3 But to Crassus signs that were both evident and easy to interpret appeared as he was crossing the Euphrates at Zeugma, a place so called from the campaign of Alexander, because he crossed at this point.

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