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Text #3225

Fredegar. The Fourth Book of the Chronicle of Fredegar
[Fred. Chron. 78. Translated by John Michael Wallace-Hadrill. Oxford University Press. 1960 pp. 65--66]

In the fourteenth year of his reign, since the Gascons were in revolt and were making severe raids into the Frankish kingdom that had been Charibert’s, Dagobert raised his forces throughout Burgundy and put in in command of them the referendary Chadoind1. In Theuderic’s reign Chadoind had shown much bravery in many combats. He made for Gascony with his army in company with ten2 dukes and their forces - namely the Franks Arnebert, Amalgar, Leudebert, Wandalmar, Walderic, Hermenric, Barontus and Chaira, the Roman Chramnelen, the Burgundian patrician Willebad, the Saxon Aighyna and in addition many counts who had no duke over them. The whole of Gascony was overrun by the Burgundian host; and the Gascons, ready for war, emerged from their mountain fastnesses. But when battle had been joined and they saw that they were going to be beaten, the Gascons turned to flight, as their way was, and sought refuge in the Pyrenean gorges, where they hid in the heights among inaccessible rocks. The army with the dukes followed them, took many prisoners, killed many, burned all their homes and took their goods and chattels. So in the end the Gascons were overcome and subjugated, and they begged for quarter from the above-mentioned dukes, promising to present themselves before the glorious face of King Dagobert, to submit to his power and to do whatever he should order. The army would have come back without loss had not Duke Arnebert been slain by the Gascons through his own negligence, together with the lords and nobles of his army, in the valley of the Soule3. But the Frankish army, that had passed through Burgundy to Gascony came home victorious;

  1. The only case of a referendary acting as commander-in-chief in the field. [OF]

  2. Eleven are named, though we may, folowing Martin (Études Critiques, p. 351), exclude Willebad on the grounds that a patrician was distinct from and superior to a duke. However, decem could be a scribal error for undecem. [OF]

  3. Basses-Pyrénées [OF]

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