Text #3671The Histories. Series: Histories. Vol. 4 .
[Hdt. 8.84. Translated by Alfred Denis Godley. William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1922. (4 Vols.) pp. 81--83]
This story also is told, that they1 saw the vision of a woman, who cried commands loud enough for all the Greek fleet to hear, uttering first this reproach, “Sirs, what madness is this ? how long will you still be backing water?”2
The Athenians. [nE] ↩
During the Battle of Plataea, the final battle of the second Persian invasion of Greece which saw the total victory of the Greeks against Xerxes, the Athenians saw the vision of a woman. If Herodotus doesn’t mention a precise name, the Athenians saw certainly Athena. The exact date of the battle is unknown. The battle probably occurred toward the middle of August, about six weeks after the occupation of Athens by Mardonius: Green P, Les Guerres Médiques, 2012, p. 378. [nE] ↩