Geographical sites:

  • Plataea (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #541063)
    Pleiades_icon Plataea settlement Geocontext: Kokkla
    Description: Plataea is an ancient city of Boeotia, located south of Thebes. In 479 BC Plataea was the site of the Battle of Plataea, in which an allied Greek army defeated the Persians. Plataea was destroyed in the Peloponnesian War by Thebes and Sparta in 427 BC and rebuilt in 386 BC.


Text #3671

Herodotus. The Histories. Series: Histories. Vol. 4
[Hdt. 8.84. Translated by Alfred Denis Godley. William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1922. (4 Vols.) pp. 81--83]

This story also is told, that they1 saw the vision of a woman, who cried commands loud enough for all the Greek fleet to hear, uttering first this reproach, “Sirs, what madness is this ? how long will you still be backing water?”2

  1. The Athenians. [nE]

  2. During the Battle of Plataea, the final battle of the second Persian invasion of Greece which saw the total victory of the Greeks against Xerxes, the Athenians saw the vision of a woman. If Herodotus doesn’t mention a precise name, the Athenians saw certainly Athena. The exact date of the battle is unknown. The battle probably occurred toward the middle of August, about six weeks after the occupation of Athens by Mardonius: Green P, Les Guerres Médiques, 2012, p. 378. [nE]

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