Geographical sites:

  • Thebes (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #550920)
    Pleiades_icon Thebes Pedion plain Geocontext: plain of Edremit
    Description: A fertile plain of Mysia, located south of Mount Placius.


Text #3674

Pindar. The Odes of Pindar
[Pind. . Translated by John Sandys. William Heinemann; The Macmillan Co. 1915 pp. 547--549]

Ninth Paean, addressed to the Thebans

“Beam of the Sun! O thou that seest from afar, what wilt thou be devising? O mother of mine eyes! O star supreme, reft from us in the daytime! Why has thou perplexed the power of man and the way of wisdom by rushing forth on a darksome track? Art thou bringing on us some new and strange disaster? Yet by Zeus, I implore thee, thou swift driver of steeds! Do thou, O queen! Change this world-wide portent into some painless blessing for Thebes …

But art thou bringing a sign of some war, or wasting of produce, or an unspeakably violent snow-storm, or fatal faction, or again, some overflowing of the sea on the plain, or frost to bind the earth, or heat of the south wind streaming with raging rain? Or wilt thou, by deluging the land, cause the race of men to begin anew? I in no wise lament whate’er I shall suffer with the rest!”

Text #3675

Stephenson. Historical Eclipses and Earth's Rotation
[pp. 344--346]

In the odes of Pindar, there are two allusions to the effects of a very large solar eclipse. Both these quotation probably refer to the solar eclipse of 30 April 463 BC, which was nearly total at Thebes. Fotheringham1 was the first to propose this identification. Pindar saw himself the eclipse. He was atonished and although he seems to have heard that the phenomenon was visible at other places too (‘worldwide’), he regarded it as a major portent for Thebes. In describing the apparent theft of the Sun and the resulting darkness, Pindar clearly refers to either a complete solar eclipse or one in which the Sun all but disappeared.

  1. Fotheringham, J. K., “A neglected eclipse”, The Observatory, Vol. 43,1920, p. 189-191

Text #8599

Pindar. The Odes of Pindar
[p. 575]

Fragemnt 142

God can cause unsullied light to spring out of black night. He can also shroud in a dark cloud of gloom the pure light of day

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