Geographical sites:

  • Aetna M. (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #462077)
    Pleiades_icon Aetna M. mountain Geocontext: Mt. Etna
    Description: An active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily (known today as Mount Etna).


Text #3687

Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Vol. 1
[Thuc. 3.116. Translated by Benjamin Jowett. Clarendon Press. 1900 p. 267]

In the early spring the burning lava, not for the first time, issued from Mount Aetna, which is the highest mountain in Sicily, and devastated a portion of the territory of the Catanaeans who dwell on the skirts of Aetna. The last eruption is said to have taken place fifty years before; and altogether three eruptions are recorded since the Hellenes first settled in Sicily.

Text #8628

Aristotle. Meteorologica
[Bk. 2 Ch. 8 Verse 25 ]


366a. The severest, earthquakes take place where the sea is full of currents or the earth spongy and cavernous : so they occur near the Hellespont and in Achaea and Sicily, and those parts of Euboea which correspond to our description — where the sea is supposed to flow in channels below the earth.

Text #8627

Orosius. Seven Books of History Against the Pagans. Series: Translated Texts for Historians. Vol. 54
[Oros. 2.18.6. Translated by A. T. Fear. Liverpool University Press. 2010 p. 105]

After these events, Sicily was struck by a powerful earthquake and was, moreover, devastated by seething fire and hot ash from Mount Etna which destroyed many fields and farms.

Text #3688

Jerome. "Chronicle"
[p. 199]


  1. Fire erupted from Mount Etna.

Text #8629

Guidoboni & Comastri & Traina. Catalogue of ancient earthquakes in the Mediterranean area up to the 10th century
[pp. 122--123]

Thucydides records a eruption of Mount Etna in the spring of 425. The morphologically fresh flow coming from Mt. Arso on the Southest slope could represent this eruption1. Orosius adds, alongside the eruption, an earthquake in Sicily. A passage in the Meteorologica of Aristotle could be related to this event, though, it is possible that Aristotle was simply making a general reference to an area well known for earthquakes.

  1. Tanguy J. C., “Mount Etna eruptions of the last 2,750 years: revised chronology and location through archeomagnetic and 226 Ra-230Th dating”, Bulletin Of Volcanology, vol. 70 2007, p. 55-83.

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