Geographical sites:

  • Aetna M. (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #462077)
    Pleiades_icon Aetna M. mountain Geocontext: Mt. Etna
    Description: An active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily (known today as Mount Etna).


Text #3689

Pindar. The Odes of Pindar
[Pind. . Translated by John Sandys. William Heinemann; The Macmillan Co. 1915 p. 157]

The Pythian Odes, I: For Hieron of Aetna

[…] whereof is he who lieth in dread Tartarus, that foenian of the gods, Typhon with his hundred heads, who was nurtured of old by the famed Cilician cave, though now the steep shores alwve Cyme, and SiciW too, lieth heavy on his shaggy breast, and the column that soareth to heaven crusheth him, even snow-clad Etna, who nurseth her keen frost for the live-long year, — Etna, from whose inmost caves burst forth the purest founts of unapproachable fire, and, in the day-time, her rivers roll a lurid stream of smoke, while amid the gloom of night, the ruddy flame, as it sweepeth along, with crashing din whirleth rocks to the deep sea far below. And that monster flingeth aloft the most fearful founts of fire, a wondrous marvel to behold, a wonder even to hear, when men are hard by ; such a being is he that lieth bound between those dark-leaved heights and the ground below, while all his out-stretched back is goaded by his craggy couch.

Text #3690

"The Parian Marble"
[Ch. 52 ]


From when the battle of the Athenians at Plataea took place against Mardonius the general of Xerxes, which battle the Athenians won, and Mardonius died in the battle, and [in] Sicily fire erupted around Etna, 216 years, when Xanthippus was archon in Athens.

Text #8590

Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Vol. 1
[Thuc. 3.116. Translated by Benjamin Jowett. Clarendon Press. 1900 p. 267]

In the early spring the burning lava, not for the first time, issued from Mount Aetna, which is the highest mountain in Sicily, and devastated a portion of the territory of the Catanaeans who dwell on the skirts of Aetna. The last eruption is said to have taken place fifty years before; and altogether three eruptions are recorded since the Hellenes first settled in Sicily.

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