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  • Sparta (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #570685)
    Pleiades_icon Sparta settlement, temple, theatre Geocontext: Sparti
    Description: Sparta was a prominent city-state (polis) of ancient Greece.


Text #3701

Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. Vol. 2
[Thuc. 8.6. Translated by Benjamin Jowett]

Nevertheless the Lacedaemonians, before giving an answer, sent a commissioner, Phrynis, one of their Perioeci, to see whether the Chians had as many ships as they said, and whether the power of the city was equal to her reputation. He reported that what they had heard was true. Whereupon they at once made alliance with the Chians and Erythraeans and voted them forty ships — there being at Chios already, as the Chians informed them, no less than sixty. Of the forty ships they at first intended to send out ten themselves under the command of Melancridas their admiral ; but an earthquake occurred; so instead of Melancridas they appointed Chalcideus, and instead of the ten ships they prepared to send five only, which they equipped in Laconia. So the winter ended, and with it the nineteenth year in the Peloponnesian War of which Thucydides wrote the history.

Text #3702

Xenophon. Hellenica. Vol. 1
[Xen. Hell. 3.3.2. Translated by Carleton L. Brownson. William Heinemann. 1918. (2 Vols.) p. 217]

But1 Poseidon showed that you2 are entirely in the wrong, for he drove your father3 out of her chamber into the open by an earthquake. And time also, which is said to be the truest witness, gave testimony that the god was right ; for you were born in the tenth month from the time when he fled from the chamber.

  1. Agesilaus is speaking. [nE]

  2. Leotychidas. [nE]

  3. Agis [nE]

Text #8631

Plutarch. Lives. Vol. 5
[Plut. Ages. 3.5. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. William Heinemann. 1917. (11 Vols.) p. 9]

And Agesilaüs declared that Poseidon also had borne witness to the bastardy of Leotychides, for he had cast Agis forth from his bed-chamber by an earthquake, and after this more than ten months elapsed before Leotychides was born.

Text #8632

Plutarch. Lives. Vol. 4
[Plut. Alc. 23.7--23.8. Translated by Bernadotte Perrin. William Heinemann; G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1951. (11 Vols.) pp. 65--67]


For while Agis the king was away on his campaigns, Alcibiades corrupted Timaea his wife, so that she was with child by him and made no denial of it. When she had given birth to a male child, it was called Leotychides in public, but in private the name which the boy’s mother whispered to her friends and attendants was Alcibiades. Such was the passion that possessed the woman. But he, in his mocking way, said he had not done this thing for a wanton insult, nor at the behest of mere pleasure, but in order that descendants of his might be kings of the Lacedaemonians. Such being the state of things, there were many to tell the tale to Agis, and he believed it, more especially owing to the lapse of time. There had been an earthquake, and he had run in terror out of his chamber and the arms of his wife, and then for ten months had had no further intercourse with her. And since Leotychides had been born at the end of this period, Agis declared that he was no child of his. For this reason Leotychides was afterwards refused the royal succession.

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