Geographical sites:

  • Elis (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #570220)
    Pleiades_icon Elis settlement, theatre Description: An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 58 A2 Elis


Text #3715

Xenophon. Hellenica. Vol. 1
[Xen. Hell. 3.2.21. Translated by Carleton L. Brownson. William Heinemann. 1918. (2 Vols.) pp. 209--211]

And Agis, at the head of the army, made his entrance into the territory through Achaea, along the Larisus. Now when the army had but just arrived in the enemy’s country and the land was being laid waste, an earthquake took place. Then Agis thinking that this was a heaven-sent sign, departed again from the country and disbanded his army.

Text #8641

Pausanias. Description of Greece. Series: Description of Greece. Vol. 2
[Paus. 3.8.4. Translated by W. H. S. Jones. Harvard University Press. 1918. (6 Vols.) p. 47]


On this occasion there occurred an earthquake, and the army retired home after advancing as far as Olympia and the Alpheus but in the next year Agis devastated the country and carried off most of the booty.

Text #3716

Guidoboni & Comastri & Traina. Catalogue of ancient earthquakes in the Mediterranean area up to the 10th century
[pp. 125--126]

In 400, the King of Sparta Agis marched out with an army to invade Elis, an ally of Athens since 420 BC, entering it from where it joined Achia. Hardly had he crossed the frontier river Larisus and begun his ravages, when an earthquake occurred. Agis interpreted the event as divine disapproval and it acted so strongly on his religious susceptibilities that he not only withdrew from Elleian territory, but disbanded his army. The retreat gave so much additional courage to the Eleians that they tried to establish alliances with cities alienated from Sparta. Agis returned the following year; so that the earthquake had the effect of delaying the war for one year.

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