Geographical sites:

  • Aetna M. (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #462077)
    Pleiades_icon Aetna M. mountain Geocontext: Mt. Etna
    Description: An active stratovolcano on the east coast of Sicily (known today as Mount Etna).
  • Corinth (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #570182)
    Pleiades_icon Corinthus/Korinthos settlement, amphitheatre, plaza Geocontext: Archaia Korinthos
    Description: The ancient Greek and Roman city of Corinth, located in the Peloponnese, Greece. Also known today as Archaia Korinthos and not to be confused with the nearby modern town.


Text #3719

Diodorus Siculus. The Library of History. Vol. 6
[Diod. 14.59.3. Translated by C. H. Oldfather. Harvard University Press. 1935. (12 Vols.) p. 175]

Himilcon, advancing with his land forces, made so rapid a march that he arrived at the same time as Magon put in there by sea. But since there had recently been a fiery eruption from Mt. Aetna as far as the sea, it was no longer possible for the land forces to advance in the company of the ships as they sailed beside them; for the regions along the sea were laid waste by the lava, as it is called, so that the land army had to take its way around the peak of Aetna.

Text #3720

Tanguy & Condomines & Goff & Chillemi & Delfa & Patane. "Mount Etna eruptions of the last 2,750 years". Bulletin Of Volcanology. Vol. 70


Diodorus Siculus reports an eruption of Etna during the war between the Carthaginians led by Himilco and Dionysus I, the tyrant of Syracuse. The Monte Gorna cinder cone on the Southeast flank on Mt. Etna, presents both magnetic and Ra-Thages roughly consistent with the date of 396 BC. Etna became dormant for more than, 250 years, when it erupted again in 140 BC.

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