Geographical sites:

  • Gulf of Edremit (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #550402)
    Pleiades_icon Adramyttenos/Idaios Sinus water-open Geocontext: Gulf of Edremit
    Description: An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 56 D3 Adramyttenos/Idaios Sinus
  • Euboea (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #540775)
    Pleiades_icon Euboea (island) island Geocontext: Euboia
    Description: Euboea is the second largest Greek island by area and is separated from the Greek mainland by the Euripus Strait.
  • Antioch (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #658381)
    Pleiades_icon Antiochia/Theoupolis urban, settlement, amphitheatre Description: A city founded ca. 300 BC by Seleucus I Nicator, a successor of Alexander the Great. Antioch was a great trading center and numbered as one of the four cities of the Syrian tetrapolis. Justinian I renamed the city 'Theoupolis' in the sixth century AD.
  • Galatia (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #619161)
    Pleiades_icon Galatia province, region Geocontext: central Asia Minor
    Description: An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 63 B1 Galatia


Text #6232

Jerome. "Chronicle"
[p. 278]


105 AD: Four cities of Asia overthrown in an earthquake: Elaea, Myrrhina, Pytanae, and Cymae: and two in Greece, Opuntis and Oritos.

Text #6241

Orosius. Seven Books of History Against the Pagans. Series: Translated Texts for Historians. Vol. 54
[Oros. 7.12.5. Translated by A. T. Fear. Liverpool University Press. 2010 p. 343]

Four cities in Asia, Elea, Myrina, Pitane, and Cyme along with two in Greece, those of the Opuntii and Oriti, were destroyed by an earthquake that also ruined three cities in Galatia. At Rome, the Pantheon was struck by lightning and burnt down, while an earthquake in Antioch almost levelled the entire city.1

  1. The destruction of the Golden House is drawn from Jerome, Chronicle, A Abr. 2120. Orosius tries nobly to absolve his compatriot and hero, Trajan, from the blame of initiating a persecution in his account. The earthquake in Asia and Greece is taken from Jerome, Chronicle, A Abr. 2121. Orosius disingenuously elides this with the earthquake in Galatia to make God’s vengeance seem the greater. In fact, Jerome dates the earthquake in Galatia and the burning of the Pantheon six years after the Asian earthquake, A Abr. 2127 (= AD 113), and gives a third date for the earthquake at Antioch, A Abr. 2130. [OF]

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