Text #8947"Tsunami Generated by the Late Bronze Age Eruption of Thera (Santorini) Greece". Pure and Applied Geophysics. Vol. 157 & .
Tsunami were generated by the Late Bronze Age (LBA) eruption of the island of Thera, in the southern Aegean Sea, by both caldera collapse, and by the entrance of pyroclastic surges/flows and lahars/debris flows into the sea. Tsunami generated by caldera collapse propagated to the west producing deep sea sedimentary deposits in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea known as homogenites; open ocean wave heights of about 1.9 - 17 m are estimated. Tsunami generated by the entry of pyroclastic flows/surges and lahars/debris flows into the sea propagated in all directions around the island; wave heights along the coastal areas were about 7- 12 m as estimated by newly identified tsunami deposits on eastern Thera as well as from pumice deposits found at archaeological sites on northern and eastern Crete.