Geographical sites:

  • Anatolia (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #323835)
    Geonames_icon Anatolia region Geocontext: Europe/Istanbul
    Description: TR
  • Cyprus (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #707498)
    Pleiades_icon Cyprus (island) island Geocontext: island
    Description: Third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Iran (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #130758)
    Geonames_icon Islamic Republic of Iran independent political entity Geocontext: Asia/Tehran
  • Gölü (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #511224)
    Pleiades_icon Daskylitis Limne lake Description: Also called "Aphnitis Limne" in antiquity, according to Strabo. Modern Lake Kuş/Lake Manyas in Turkey.


Text #8972

Mandelkehr. The 2300 BC Event. Series: The 2300 BC Event. Vol. 1
[pp. 55--56]

Extensive evidence exists that the prosperity in the Early Bronze II (EB II) Age came to an end at about 2300 BC with general destruction and cultural disorder throughout most of Anatolia.1 … The inland lakes of the plateaus of Anatolia and Iran (to the east) shrank and were replaced in many cases by mud flats and salt sumps. … in the Van Golu Lake in easternmost Anatolia … lake level fell 30 to 60 meters.2

Vegetation changes, dated to 2400 BC also point to dryer conditions on Cyprus.3

  1. m. Mellaart: “Anatolia and the Balkans”, Antiquity Vol. 34 (1960), pp. 273; see also D. H. French: “Prehistoric Sites in Northwest Anatolia”, Anatolian Studies Vol. 17 (1967), p. 67; S. S. Weinberg: “The Relative Chronology of the Aegean in the Stone and Early Ages”, in R. W. Ehrich (ed.): Chronologies in Old World Archaeology, (University of Chicago Press, 1954), p. 305; and C. F. A. Schaeffer: Stratigraphie Comparee et Chronologie de l’Asie Source Occidentale, (Oxford University Press, 1948), p. 535. [OF]

  2. H. M. Cullen, P. B. de Menocal, S. Hemming, G. Hemming, F. H. Brown, T. Guilderson, F. Sirocka: “Climate Change and the Collapse of the Akkadian Empire: Evidence from the Deep Sea”, Geology Vol. 28 (2000), p. 382. [OF]

  3. K. W. Butzer: “Late Glacial and Postglacial Climatic Variation in the Near East”, Erdkunde Vol. 11 (1957), p. 30. [OF]

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