Text #8973The Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages in the Near East and Anatolia .
Excavations in western and southern Anatolia, supplemented by field surveys, expose a picture of utmost horror. All through western Anatolia, the burned and destroyed sites, dated by pottery to the end of the EB 2 period, around 2300 BC, stretch in a broad belt. They range from below the Sea of Marmara, throughout northwest and southwest Anatolia, through the plains of Konya and Cilicia to the Amanus Mountains … In the Konya plain all the cities were destroyed and of a hundred EB 2 sites not more than six show signs of reoccupation in the period that followed. In the southwest, less than a hundred out of three hundred sites show reoccupation in the following EB 3 period and, as in the Konya plain, whole areas lay waste for hundreds of years. In the northwest the destruction was equally strong, but reoccupation followed quickly in certain areas … No theory of local wars between kingdoms could possibly account for this devastation or desertion of settlements; it was far too widespread, too intense, too violent, and too unexpected. […]
… the number of sites burnt or deserted has already reached the number of 350, and in the following period not more than one out of every four earlier settlements was inhabited, and often not more than squatted on. Whole areas, such as the Konya Plain and the Pisidian plains south of Burdure revert to nomadism after thousands of years of settled agricultural life.1
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