Geographical sites:

  • Marmara (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #630669)
    Geonames_icon Sea of Marmara sea Geocontext: Europe/Skopje
  • Konya (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #306569)
    Geonames_icon Konya first-order administrative division Geocontext: Europe/Istanbul
  • Cilicia (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #658440)
    Pleiades_icon Cilicia region Geocontext: S Cappadocian Taurus and Çukurova
    Description: An ancient region, stretching along the southern coast of Asia Minor as far north as the Taurus mountains and westward from the Amanus mountains to the river Melas or, according to some ancient commentators, all the way to the coastal city of Korakesion (modern Alanya in Turkey)
  • Amanus (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #658376)
    Pleiades_icon Amanus M. mountain Geocontext: Nur Dağları
    Description: An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 67 C4 Amanus M.
  • Troy (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #550595)
    Pleiades_icon Ilium/Troia settlement Geocontext: Hisarlık
    Description: An ancient city of northwest Anatolia with occupation ranging from the Bronze Age to the Roman period.
  • Anatolia (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #323835)
    Geonames_icon Anatolia region Geocontext: Europe/Istanbul
    Description: TR


Text #8973

Mellaart. The Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Ages in the Near East and Anatolia
[pp. 174--175]

Excavations in western and southern Anatolia, supplemented by field surveys, expose a picture of utmost horror. All through western Anatolia, the burned and destroyed sites, dated by pottery to the end of the EB 2 period, around 2300 BC, stretch in a broad belt. They range from below the Sea of Marmara, throughout northwest and southwest Anatolia, through the plains of Konya and Cilicia to the Amanus Mountains … In the Konya plain all the cities were destroyed and of a hundred EB 2 sites not more than six show signs of reoccupation in the period that followed. In the southwest, less than a hundred out of three hundred sites show reoccupation in the following EB 3 period and, as in the Konya plain, whole areas lay waste for hundreds of years. In the northwest the destruction was equally strong, but reoccupation followed quickly in certain areas … No theory of local wars between kingdoms could possibly account for this devastation or desertion of settlements; it was far too widespread, too intense, too violent, and too unexpected. […]

… the number of sites burnt or deserted has already reached the number of 350, and in the following period not more than one out of every four earlier settlements was inhabited, and often not more than squatted on. Whole areas, such as the Konya Plain and the Pisidian plains south of Burdure revert to nomadism after thousands of years of settled agricultural life.1

  1. p. 276

Text #8974

Blegan. Troy and the Trojans

The stratum of Troy IIg had an average thickness of more than one meter; it consisted mainly of ashes, charred matter and burned debris. This deposit apparently extended uniformly over the great megaron and across the entire site, eloquent evidence that the settlement perished in a vast conflagration from which no buildings escaped ruin. …

In all areas examined by the Cincinnati expedition, it was obvious that the catastrophe struck suddenly, without warning, giving the inhabitants little or no time to collect and save their most treasured belongings before they fled. All the houses exposed were still found to contain the fire-scarred wreckage of their furnishings, equipment, and stores of supplies. Almost every building yielded scattered bits of gold ornaments and jewelry, no doubt hastily abandoned in panic flight.

Text #8975

Mellaart. "Early Cultures of the South Anatolian Plateaur, II, The Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronzes in the Konya Plain". Anatolian Studies. Vol. 13
[pp. 207--210]

Nowhere on the Anatolian plateau is there such compelling evidence of wholesale destruction at the end of the EB II period - about 2300 BC in rough terms - as in this plain. As far as we can see not a single major site escaped destruction by conflagration, and the numerous deserted villages tell the tale… From that day, no living soul seems to have settled on these mounds but for the reed shelters of a lone shepherd accompanied by his dog.

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