Geographical sites:

  • Argolis (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #570104)
    Pleiades_icon Argolis region Geocontext: Argolid
    Description: Argolis (also known as 'the Argolid') occupied the eastern part of the Peloponnese; comprising primarily the Argolid peninsula and the coastal region lying to the east of Arcadia, and north of Laconia.
  • Anatolia (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #323835)
    Geonames_icon Anatolia region Geocontext: Europe/Istanbul
    Description: TR
  • Tiryns (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #570740)
    Pleiades_icon Tiryns settlement Geocontext: Tirynthos
    Description: A fortified Mycenaean center in the Argolid that flourished between 1400 and 1200 BC.
  • Lerna (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #570424)
    Pleiades_icon Lerna settlement Geocontext: S Myloi
    Description: Lerna was an ancient settlement on the east coast of the Peloponnesus. Extensive Bronze Age layers were excavated in the twentieth century by J. L. Caskey.


Text #8986

Mandelkehr. The 2300 BC Event. Series: The 2300 BC Event. Vol. 1
[pp. 50--53]

Mellaart describes the Early Helladic settlements on the Greek mainland as “ending in a conflagration of catastrophic nature.” He refers to the “thorough devastation of central Greece and the Peloponnesus.” … The pattern description is the same as for Anatolia - destruction over many sites, gaps in occupation, shifted sites, and rebuilding at a reduced scale.1

[…] Renfrew has stated that the shift in material culture was so pronounced and abrupt in the case of the EH II-III transition that it stood out as “more marked than any other subsequently seen in Greek prehistory, or any previously documented since the development of farming life.”2

[…] A large number of reports attest to the site destruction and abandonment in Greece, and to the population decline principally in the southern and central regions of Greece. Runnels and van Andel refer to a “striking abandonment of sites” at the end of the EH II phase in the southern Argolid. They also see a drastic reduction of population, based on scant traces of habitation in the following period. They report the number of sites was reduced to ten percent in EH III from the number in EH II.3

[…] A potentially significant datum is the regional restrictions on site destruction in Greece, analogous to Anatolia. The multi-site destruction in Greece was limited for the most part to southern and partially central Greece, with the northern regions remaining relatively undisturbed. … I have not found any evidence of site destruction or abandonment in northern Greece. Another point is that even the site destruction and abandonment in the south was not universal. Indeed, Rutter brings up the point that a number of sites on the Argolid plain in southwestern Greece were occupied continuously through EH II and EH III. Specifically, he states that there was probably no hiatus at either Tiryns or Lerna, sites that suffered sever damage.4

  1. J. Mellaart: “The End of the Early Bronze Age in Anatolia and the Aegean”, American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 62 (1968), pp. 9, 11.

  2. C. Renfrew: The Emergence of Civilization; The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millenium BC, (Menthuen, 1972), p. 116.

  3. C. N. Runnels, T. H. van Andel: “The Evolution of Settlement in the Southern Argolid, Greece”, Hesperia Vol. 56 (1987), pp. 314, 324.

  4. J. B. Rutter: “Some Observations on the Cyclades in the Later Third and Early Second Millennia”, American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 87 (1983), p. 73.

Text #8987

Finley. Early Greece: The Bronze and Archaic Ages
[pp. 22--23]

The word ‘break’ should be understood in its strongest sense. Archaeological records are filled with changes of all kinds, but not often with anything so massive and abrupt, so widely dispersed, as occurred at this particular time. In Greece nothing comparable was to happen again until the end of the Bronze Age a thousand years later. Settlements which were, for their time, rich and powerful, and which had had a long history of stability and continuity, literally came tumbling down, and what followed differed unmistakably in scale and quality.

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