Archeology / Mass destruction of unknown origin


Event #5169: Earthquakes in Anatolia

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Geographical sites:

  • Anatolia (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #323835)
    Geonames_icon Anatolia region Geocontext: Europe/Istanbul
    Description: TR


Text #8988

Mandelkehr. The 2300 BC Event. Series: The 2300 BC Event. Vol. 1
[pp. 54--55]

This region, as well as other regions, suffered from recurrent major earthquakes. Following the initial disruptions around 2300 BC, there is strong evidence of buildup to high level of prosperity in most areas of Anatolia. Disastrous earthquakes, however, end the prosperity at dates between 2100 BC and 1900 BC. … The walls of Troy IV were found to be leaning at large angles, reflecting earthquake damage. … There is also evidence that the site was abandoned, at least temporarily, around this time. Similar earthquake evidence is found at the Tarsus Level III …

Also at this later time, again reported by Schaeffer, the high civilization of Alaca Huyuk, developed since the first disaster, was also determined to have vanished in a sudden catastrophe. According to observations made by the Turkish excavators, the cause was a new earthquake or a series of earthquakes of a particularly violent nature. … Following these latest disasters, the pattern is the same for most of the settlements - disappearance of the current occupants and replacement by smaller numbers of new peoples, leveling of the remaining structures and the building of more modest structures.

Anatolia and Greece have not regained the favorable climate that existed before 2300 BC.1

  1. C. F. A. Schaeffer: Stratigraphie Comparee et Chronologie de l’Asie Source Occidentale, Oxford University Press, (1948), p. 540.

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