Geographical sites:

  • Württemberg (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #2953481)
    Geonames_icon Baden-Württemberg Region first-order administrative division Geocontext: Europe/Berlin
  • Bavaria (click here to focus in map) (see also GeoNames #2951840)
    Geonames_icon Bavaria historical region Geocontext: Europe/Berlin
  • Hallstatt (click here to focus in map) (see also Pleiades #187406)
    Pleiades_icon Hallstatt settlement Geocontext: Hallstatt
    Description: An ancient place, cited: BAtlas 19 F2 Hallstatt


Text #9376

"Tumulus Culture", in Wikipedia.

The Tumulus culture (German: Hügelgräberkultur) dominated Central Europe during the Middle Bronze Age (ca. 1600 BC to 1200 BC).

It was the descendant of the Unetice culture. Its heartland was the area previously occupied by the Unetice culture besides Bavaria and Württemberg. It was succeeded by the Late Bronze Age Urnfield culture.

As the name implies, the Tumulus culture is distinguished by the practice of burying the dead beneath burial mounds (tumuli or kurgans).

In 1902, Paul Reinecke distinguished a number of cultural horizons based on research of Bronze Age hoards and tumuli in South Germany that he designated A–D. The A and C periods were further divided into A1, A2 and C1 and C2 horizons. The time periods covered by these cultural horizons are shown in the table below. The Tumulus culture was prevalent during the Bronze Age periods B, C1, and C2. Tumuli have been used elsewhere in Europe from the Stone Age to the Iron Age and the term “Tumulus culture” specifically refers to the South German variant of the Bronze Age. In the table, Ha designates Hallstatt. Archaeological horizons Hallstatt A–B are part of the Bronze Age Urnfield culture, while horizons Hallstatt C–D are the type site for the Iron Age Hallstatt culture.

Keywords: Hügelgräberkultur,culture>Tumulus,culture>Unetice

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