Text #9549

"Valerian and Porcian laws", in Wikipedia.

Lex Porcia III: Probably proposed by L. Porcius Licinus, junior consul in 184 BC, it provided for a very severe sanction (possibly death) against magistrates who refused to grant provocatio.

This sanctity of a citizen’s person was highly esteemed by the Romans, and so any violation of the Valerian and Porcian laws was deemed to be almost a sacrilege. Cicero’s oration in his prosecution of Verres indicates the high pitch to which this feeling was carried. Verres, who as the governor of Sicily (73 - 70 BC) had a number of Roman citizens cruelly killed, was eventually tried before the senators in Rome, ostensibly on charges of extortion.

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