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Displaying events 1 - 300 of 1136 in total
ID Category Subcategory Date Summary
4945 Society Famine 994AD Famine in Kievan Rus'
501 Society Mass Death 986AD Cattle and human pestilence
498 Society Famine 976AD Famine in England
497 Society Mass Death 962AD Great Mortality/Fever in 962
4936 Society Famine 874AD Famine in Constantiople
70 Society War 732AD Oct. Saracens fight two battles near Poitiers and River Berre against Charles Martel during their conquest of Gaul
4948 Society Mass Death 676AD A heavy pestilence follows the comet's appearance
4808 Society People 642AD Flaochad struck down by fever
4764 Society War 636AD Saracens kill 150,000 of Emperor Heraclius' men
2320 Society War 635AD Gascons rebell against the Franks
4561 Society War 632AD The wendish Slavs raid Frankish kingdom and Thuringia
2284 Society War 631AD Wends lay waste Francia and Thuringia - Saxons cease to pay tribute
2277 Society Sack or Destruction of City 630AD Many Northern Italian cities are destroyed and razed
2278 Society Mass Death 630AD Bulgars are chased out of Pannonia and killed by Bavarians
2274 Society People 628AD Dagobert I is praised for his prosperous rule of Austrasia
1880 Society Slave Rebellion 623AD The wendish Slavs revolt against the Huns
4520 Society Sack or Destruction of City 600AD King Theudebert's and Theuderic's army lay waste the towns and districts along the Seine
4519 Society Massacre 600AD King Chlotar's army is massacred by Kings Theudebert and Theuderic
4256 Society Mass sickness 599AD Marseilles and other cities are devastated by plague
4359 Society War 594AD In a war between Franks and Bretons many fall by the sword
2082 Society War 593AD Invasion of the kingdom of Chlotar with great losses
2079 Society People 588AD Arian Goths are forced to be baptized and Arian books are burnt
2076 Society Mass sickness 585AD An army is defeated by sickness
329 Society Sack or Destruction of City 546AD Dec. 17 Sack of Rome by Totila
4516 Society Sack or Destruction of City 539AD Dec. A mighty hunnic army plunders city of Cassandria and leads away one hundred and twenty thousand captives
118 Society People 532AD Jan. An insurrection breaks out unexpectedly in Byzantinum. Procopius describes a "disease of the soul" amongst people of "factions".
173 Society Sack or Destruction of City 502AD Siege of Amida, at least 85,000 killed
1845 Society Sack or Destruction of City 452AD The scourge of God and leader of the Huns Attila destroys many cities in Italy
108 Society Famine 412AD Rome falls by intense famine
94 Society Sack or Destruction of City 410AD Aug. 24 Sack of Rome
4938 Society Famine 400AD Famine
4937 Society Mass sickness 400AD A pestilence strikes as has never occurred before within the memory of man
5614 Society Laws and legal system 394AD College of the Vestals was disbanded and the sacred fire extinguished
4902 Society Human Prodigies 390AD A dwarf and a giant and other prodigies appear at the same time as the comet of 390
1420 Society Human Prodigies 359AD Birth of two-headed infant
2149 Society Mass Death 333AD An innumerable multitude perish from pestilence and famine in Syria and Cilicia
4517 Society Famine 331AD An extremely severe famine in the east causes lootings
2304 Society Mass Death 312AD Innumberable deaths by famine and plague
4514 Society Famine 305AD Famine
4511 Society War 305AD Wars and Revolts
4513 Society Mass sickness 305AD Plagues
504 Society Mass Death 270AD Aug. A plague causes widespread death
121 Society Mass Death 259AD Plague of Cyprian
4613 Society War 250AD War between Emperor Decius' Romans and the Goths around Philippopolis
4562 Society Mass Death 189AD Up to two thousand die in Rome from last wave of the Antonine Plague in a single day
4559 Society Famine 162AD (Spr.) Famine after flood of the Tiber
1483 Society Massacre 68AD (Spr.) Merciless terror excerted by the Zealots: "He who survived called them that were already dead happy"
4552 Society Human Prodigies 66AD "Divine fury" makes man shout "Woe, woe to Jerusalem!"
4165 Society Laws and legal system 52AD Astrologers are expelled from Italy
4164 Society Mass Death 50AD Pestilence in a frightful winter prevents invasion of Armenia
5665 Society Politics 14AD Aug. 19 Death of Augustus
5663 Society Politics 13BC Death of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, supporter of Caesar, triumvir with Antony and Octavian
4686 Society Mass Death 24BC Famine leads to distempers and a pestilential disease in men
2942 Society Famine 24BC Famine in Syria: People eat many things that did not used to be eaten
2939 Society Mass Death 29BC A pestilential disease carries off the greatest part of the multitude
5666 Society Politics 30BC Aug. 12 Death of Cleopatra VII Philopator, Queen of Egypt, mistress/wife of Marcus Antonius
5523 Society Politics 30BC Aug. 1 Death of Marcus Antonius, supporter of Julius Caesar
4717 Society War 31BC Sep. 2 Battle of Actium
5598 Society Politics 35BC Sextus Pompeius Magnus Pius: executed without trial by order of Antony via Marcus Titius
5602 Society Politics 39BC Death of Quintus Labienus: traitor to Caesar and to Rome
5709 Society Politics 40BC Gaius Asinius Pollio, consul 40 BC; friend of Caesar and Antony; historian, literary patron
5608 Society War 40BC Publius Ventidius Bassus; protege of Caesar; defeated Quintus Labienus and the Parthians
5545 Society Politics 42BC Oct. 23 Suicide death of Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, leading assassin of Julius Caesar
5569 Society Politics 42BC Oct. 3 Death of Gaius Cassius Longinus: leader of the assassination plot against Julius Caesar
5568 Society Politics 42BC Servilius Casca, one of Caesar's assassins
5706 Society Politics 43BC Servius Sulpicius Galba, friend, legate and assassin of Julius Caesar; condemned by Pedian law
5708 Society Politics 43BC Lucius Cornelius Balbus minor; served under Julius Caesar; 43 BC quaestor to Asinius Pollio
5687 Society Assassination 44BC Mar. 13 Assassination of Julius Caesar, the archetypal model of the passion of Jesus Christ
5596 Society Politics 45BC Apr. 12 Death of Gnaeus Pompeius the younger; executed by Lucius Caesennius Lento for treason
5607 Society War 45BC Mar. 17 Battle of Munda; Caesar fights for his life among the ranks
5566 Society Politics 45BC Porcia Catonis, daughter of Cato the Younger, marries Brutus the assassin
5711 Society Politics 45BC Caecilia Metella wife of Publius Cornelius Lentulus Spinther; affair with Publius Cornelius Dolabella; divorce scandal
5586 Society People 45BC Claudia Pulchra Major, first wife of Brutus, divorced by him to marry Porcia Catonis
5556 Society Politics 46BC Apr. Death of Cato the Younger, sworn enemy of Caesar
5588 Society War 46BC Feb. 7 Battle of Thapsus: Caesar vs Optimates/Metellus Scipio
5601 Society Politics 47BC Terentia, wife of Cicero, divorces him possibly because she was a supporter of Caesar
5517 Society Assassination 48BC Sep. 29 Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus murdered by servants of Ptolemy XIII
1472 Society War 48BC Aug. 9 Battle of Pharsalus; Julius Caesar defeats Pompeius Magnus
5606 Society War 48BC Battle of Ruspina: Caesar vs. Titus Labienus, the traitor
5702 Society War 48BC Death of Milo, murderer of Clodius; at Compsa Castle, site of prodigies the previous years
5600 Society Politics 48BC Death of Marcus Caelius Rufus in rebellion against Caesar
5668 Society Politics 49BC Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior, consul 49 BC, opponent of Caesar; started civil war; fled Rome with Pompeius
5522 Society War 49BC Gaius Scribonius Curio defeated by Juba, along with aid from Attius Varus, at the Second Battle of the Bagradas River
5667 Society Politics 49BC Death of Curio, supporter of Caesar, husband of Fulvia
5669 Society Politics 49BC Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, consul 49 BC, triggered civil war; fled Rome
5565 Society Politics 49BC Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Cornelianus Scipio Nasica: 'personally despicable... politically reactionary'; triggered war with Caesar
5599 Society Politics 49BC Titus Labienus, traitor to Caesar
5733 Society Politics 50BC (Spr.) Cicero deals with Brutus' financial scandal: extorting Cypriot communities
5680 Society Politics 50BC Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus (consul 50 BC); destroyed the temples of Isis and Serapis by Senate decree
5703 Society Politics 50BC Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor, consul 50 BC, opposed Caesar; was later pardoned
5704 Society Politics 51BC Marcus Claudius Marcellus, consul 51 BC, optimate; urged extreme measures against Caesar; had a senator of Comum scourged
5705 Society Politics 51BC Servius Sulpicius Rufus, consul 51 BC; opposed Caesar, later honored by Caesar
5681 Society War 52BC Sep. Vercingetorix defeated at the battle of Alesia
5529 Society Assassination 52BC Jan. 18 Titus Annius Milo Papianus murders Clodius triggering anarchy in Rome
5691 Society War 52BC (Spr.) Battle of Gergovia: Julius Caesar vs Vercingetorix; the Gauls won
5521 Society Assassination 52BC Assassination of Popularist Publius Clodius Pulcher by Milo; mob violence overtakes Rome; Pompey takes charge
5531 Society Politics 52BC Fulvia: first Roman non-mythological woman to appear on Roman coins; appears in records at death of Clodius, her 1st husband
675 Society Prodigy 52BC Portents follow the decree of the Senate to tear down temples of Serapis and Isis
1452 Society Prodigy 53BC Portents afflict Crassus and his army while crossing the Euphrates
5544 Society War 53BC Marcus Licinius Crassus: wealthiest man in Roman history; patron of Julius Caesar; defeated and killed by Parthians
1449 Society Prodigy 53BC Some statues sweated, some struck by lightning in Rome
4167 Society Prodigy 53BC Lightning, monsters and death of politicians portend political changes
5683 Society Politics 57BC Aulus Gabinius, (consul 58 BC) proconsul of Syria (57 BC); supporter of both Pompey and Caesar
5692 Society Politics 58BC Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, consul 58 BC, father-in-law of Julius Caesar
5562 Society Laws and legal system 59BC Gaius Antonius Hybrida (the monster) co-consul with Cicero; prosecuted and exiled for taking part in the Catilinarian conspiracy
5597 Society Politics 59BC Clodia Metelli Quadrantaria; sister of Publius Clodius Pulcher, enemy of Cicero; suspected of poisoning her husband, Metellus Celer
5567 Society Politics 59BC Calpurnia Piso, marries Julius Caesar
5710 Society Politics 60BC Quintus Metellus Celer, consul 60 BC; Gaius Asinius Pollio, dated the start of the Civil Wars to this year
5713 Society Politics 60BC Lucius Afranius, consul 60 BC
5524 Society War 62BC Jan. Lucius Sergius Catilina killed at the Battle of Pistoria
5662 Society Politics 63BC Dec. 29 Cicero gives up his consulship, jeered by the crowd.
5661 Society Politics 63BC Dec. 10 Cicero denounced as a tyrant for the Catilinarian affair, posts a bill for subsidized grain distribution to regain popularity
5660 Society Politics 63BC Dec. 5 Cicero's Bona Dea miracle/conspiracy Fourth Catilinarian Oration; Caesar and Cato speak; executions
5712 Society Politics 63BC Dec. 5 Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura: executed by Cicero as a "Catilinarian Conspirator"
5659 Society Politics 63BC Dec. 3 Catilinarian 'conspirators' arrested; Cicero cannot conceal his glee
5658 Society Politics 63BC Nov. 9 Second Catilinarian oration by Cicero
5657 Society Politics 63BC Nov. 8 First Catilinarian oration by Cicero: a study in propaganda and intimidation
5656 Society Politics 63BC Oct. 27 The conspiracy of Catiline fails to materialize; Cicero's credibility collapses; threatened with a court of inquiry
5664 Society People 63BC Sep. 23 Birth of Gaius Octavius, future 1st emperor of Rome; Imperātor Caesar Dīvī Fīlius Augustus
5651 Society Politics 63BC Jun. Death of Metellus Pius, Caesar elected Pontifex Maximus
5604 Society Laws and legal system 63BC Mar. The trial of Gaius Rabirius (senator): involved in the death of Lucius Appuleius Saturninus
5652 Society Politics 63BC Feb. Cicero rejects Caesar's Land Reform/support for Veterans bill
5525 Society Politics 63BC Jan. Marcus Tullius Cicero takes up his consulship
5587 Society People 63BC Junia Tertia born, daughter of Julius Caesar? Wife of assassin Gaius Cassius Longinus
1440 Society Prodigy 63BC Revival of ancient augural rite; bad omens resulted
5707 Society Politics 64BC Lucius Julius Caesar, consul 64 BC; cousin and supporter of Julius Caesar; tried Gaius Rabirius
5563 Society People 64BC Titus Livius, historian of Rome
5572 Society Politics 66BC Gaius Licinius Macer: annalist, people's rights activist; defamed, prosecuted and ruined by Cicero, commits suicide
5617 Society Laws and legal system 73BC Fabia, chief Vestal acquitted of incestum with Lucius Sergius Catilina.
75 Society Slave Rebellion 73BC Third Servile War, Spartacus, Crassus, Pompey
5592 Society War 73BC Third Mithridatic War; Rome vs Mithridates VI
5679 Society Politics 78BC Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul 78 BC), turned against Sulla and became Popularist rebel and revolutionary
5515 Society Politics 81BC Sulla's dictatorship and reforms
5520 Society Massacre 82BC Nov. Battle of the Colline Gate; Samnites and Populares slaughtered by Sulla
1310 Society Massacre 82BC Proscriptions of Sulla
5609 Society Massacre 82BC Marcus Marius Gratidianus: popularist reformer and human sacrifice martyr during Sullan proscriptions
5505 Society Politics 82BC Civil war: Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix, dictator of Rome
5514 Society War 82BC Sulla's second civil war
5519 Society Politics 83BC Rebellion in Spain: Quintus Sertorius, popularist general
5518 Society War 83BC Battle of Mount Tifata; First Roman Civil War
5511 Society War 85BC Battle of Orchomenus; Sulla over Archelaus; Sulla's settlement
5509 Society Massacre 86BC Feb. 12 Sulla's siege of Athens
5510 Society War 86BC Battle of Chaeronea; Sulla over Archelaus
5516 Society Politics 86BC Lucius Cornelius Cinna: Domination of Cinna
5612 Society Politics 87BC Marcus Antonius (consul 99 BC); executed by Marius and Cinna
5508 Society Massacre 88BC May Massacre of Romans & Italici in Asia by Mithridates
5513 Society War 88BC Sulla's First Civil War
5507 Society War 89BC First Mithridatic War; Kingdom of Pontus and many Greek cities rebelled against Rome
5504 Society War 91BC (Spr.) Roman Social War (91–88 BC)
5650 Society Politics 91BC Marcus Livius Drusus proposed land reform and giving Roman citizenship to all freemen of Italy; triggered Social War
2797 Society Mass sickness 94BC Jul. Pestilence in Babylon; many deaths
5497 Society Prodigy 94BC Multiple prodigies recorded at Rome
5594 Society People 95BC Mucia Tertia: wife of Gaius Marius minor, Pompeius Magnus, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus; mother of Sextus Pompeius
5555 Society Laws and legal system 95BC Lex Licinia Mucia passed ejecting non-citizens from Rome or prosecuting 'false citizens'; triggered Social War
5613 Society Politics 100BC Dec. Gaius Memmius "a man fiercely hostile to the power of the nobles" murdered during consular elections
3076 Society People 100BC Jul. 12 Gaius Julius Caesar, Birth, GJC Era
5595 Society People 100BC Marcus Aemilius Scaurus (praetor 56 BC); massacres in Judea mentioned in the Dead Sea scrolls
5605 Society Assassination 100BC Saturninus: popularist reformer proposes land reform using Tolosan gold; murdered by mob of aristocrats
5492 Society Massacre 101BC Battle of Vercellae
5493 Society Massacre 102BC Battle of Aquae Sextiae
5564 Society People 104BC Servilia Caepionis: mistress of Julius Caesar, mother of Brutus, half-sister of Cato the Younger
74 Society Slave Rebellion 104BC Second Servile War; Gaius Marius
5611 Society Massacre 105BC Oct. 6 Battle of Arausio: catastrophic loss of entire Roman army caused by Quintus Servilius Caepio
5610 Society War 105BC Quintus Servilius Caepio plunders the temples of Tolosa and then loses entire Roman army in Battle of Arausio
2793 Society Mass sickness 106BC Pestilence in Babylon
2790 Society Mass sickness 108BC Pestilence in Babylon affected humans and dogs
5585 Society People 110BC Titus Pomponius Atticus; friend, correspondent, and publisher of Cicero
5506 Society War 112BC Jugurthine War
5616 Society Expiation 114BC Vestal Virgins Aemilia, Licinia, and Martia buried alive for unchastity
5593 Society People 116BC Marcus Terentius Varro Reatinus; the most learned of the Romans; Varronian chronology
5590 Society People 118BC Lucius Licinius Lucullus; fought Third Mithridatic War; gastronome, "Xerxes in a toga"
5527 Society People 120BC Aurelia Cotta, mother of Julius Caesar; ideal Roman matron
5571 Society Laws and legal system 120BC Establishment of senatus consultum ultimum in Roman constitutional practice; tool used for oppression
5547 Society People 121BC Death of Marcus Fulvius Flaccus (consul 125 BC): ally of the Gracchi
5570 Society Politics 121BC Lucius Opimius (consul 121 BC) ordered the extralegal executions of 3000 supporters of Gaius Gracchus
5533 Society People 121BC Gaius Sempronius Gracchus murdered by Roman Senate
5589 Society People 125BC Antiochus of Ascalon; Middle Platonism
5584 Society Assassination 132BC Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio: murdered his cousin, Tiberius Gracchus; himself murdered by supporters of the Gracchi
5532 Society Assassination 133BC Murder of Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus: sought agrarian reforms to transfer wealth from the wealthy, patricians and otherwise, to the poor.
5526 Society Politics 133BC Optimates and Populares solidify their positions in respect of the Gracchi
5512 Society People 135BC Mithridates VI of Pontus
73 Society Massacre 135BC Eunus and the First Servile War against Rome
5486 Society Prodigy 135BC Talking cow, hooting owl; portents of defeat of Roman army
2357 Society Prodigy 137BC Aug. Animal prodigies observed in Rome
2758 Society Mass sickness 144BC Pestilence in Babylon
5647 Society Sack or Destruction of City 146BC Complete destruction of the city of Carthage by Scipio Aemilianus; Rome flooded with slaves
35 Society Sack or Destruction of City 146BC Destruction of Corinth
23 Society Sack or Destruction of City 146BC (Spr.) Third Punic War, Siege of Carthage
5478 Society Human Prodigies 147BC A boy with three feet and one hand is born
5491 Society People 157BC Gaius Marius, general, consul, uncle and role model of Julius Caesar
5591 Society People 160BC Mnesarchus of Athens; leader of the Stoic school
5345 Society War 166BC The Ligurian Gauls were destroyed
5325 Society Massacre 168BC Jun. 22 Battle of Pydna: Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Corculum against Perseus of Macedon
5324 Society War 171BC Third Macedonian War between Rome and King Perseus of Macedon
5553 Society Laws and legal system 184BC Lex Porcia III: severe penalties for magistrates who refuse to grant provocatio (appeal)
5548 Society People 185BC Scipio Aemilianus: destroyer of Carthage, opponent of the Gracchi, murder victim
434 Society Human Prodigies 186BC A hermaphrodite about twelve years old was discovered, and by order of the soothsayers was put to death
435 Society Mass Migration 186BC Gauls who had crossed the Alps into Italy were expelled without a battle
5573 Society War 190BC Battle of Magnesia: Rome vs Antiochus III
5577 Society Laws and legal system 191BC Lex Acilia de intercalando: authorized the pontifices to decree an intercalary period in order to prevent seasonal drift
5560 Society War 191BC Battle of Thermopylae: Rome vs. Antiochus III
5315 Society War 192BC Roman-Seleucid War, Treaty of Apamea
5558 Society Laws and legal system 195BC Repeal of Lex Oppia after mass demonstrations by the women of Rome
5552 Society Laws and legal system 195BC Lex Porcia II: right of Roman citizen to appeal a sentence of flogging
14 Society War 196BC Second Macedonian War
5551 Society Laws and legal system 199BC Lex Porcia I: extended the right to provocatio (appeal) to locations outside of Rome
5301 Society Science 200BC Eratosthenes of Cyrene accurately calculates the circumference of the Earth
5316 Society War 200BC Second Macedonian War fought between Philip V of Macedon, and Rome
13 Society Massacre 202BC Oct. 19 Battle of Zama, Scipio Africanus vs Hannibal
5319 Society People 204BC Reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes; Rosetta Stone
5580 Society War 207BC Battle of Metaurus: Gaius Claudius Nero (consul 207 BC) & Marcus Livius Salinator defeated (and killed) Hasdrubal
10 Society War 214BC First Macedonian War
11 Society Massacre 214BC Siege of Syracuse, Death of Archimedes
5618 Society Expiation 215BC Vestals Floronia and Opimia convicted of unchastity; one buried alive at the Colline Gate, other suicide
5620 Society Expiation 215BC A Gaulish man and a Gaulish woman and a Greek man and a Greek woman were buried alive under the Forum Boarium
5557 Society Laws and legal system 215BC Lex Oppia: law against luxury and extravagance also oppression of women's rights to property and dress
5619 Society Expiation 215BC Q. Fabius Pictor was sent to consult the oracle of Delphi
5254 Society Massacre 215BC Roman consul, Postumius Albinus, beheaded; entire army destroyed by the Boii
7 Society Massacre 216BC Aug. 2 Battle of Cannae, Roman army massacred by Hannibal
5579 Society People 216BC Lucius Aemilius Paullus (consul 219, 216 BC):shared command with Varro at the Battle of Cannae, killed in battle
1393 Society Massacre 217BC Jun. 24 Battle of Lake Trasimene; Hannibal massacres Roman army
5574 Society War 217BC Jun. 22 Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV Philopator of Egypt vs Antiochus III; one of the largest battles of the ancient world
5251 Society Massacre 218BC Dec. 21 Battle of the Trebia, Roman army massacred by Hannibal
5575 Society War 218BC Hannibal crosses the Alps into Italy: Battle of Ticinus
6 Society War 218BC Second Punic War
5317 Society People 222BC Reign of Antiochus III the Great
5583 Society People 230BC Aemilia Tertia AKA Aemilia Paulla; grandmother of the Gracchi, great grandmother of Fulvia
5576 Society People 233BC Manius Acilius Glabrio (consul 191 BC): defeated Antiochus III at the Battle of Thermopylae
5536 Society People 234BC Cato the Elder
5561 Society People 236BC Scipio Africanus: never lost a battle; first Roman general to expand Roman territories outside Italy; hated by Cato the Elder; grandfather of the Gracchi
5318 Society People 238BC Philip V of Macedon
5578 Society People 247BC Hannibal: one of the greatest military commanders in history
507 Society Mass Death 255BC Jul. 4 Severe storm, destruction of Roman Fleet with massive mortality
5308 Society People 262BC Ptolemy IV Philopator, builder of largest human-powered vessel ever built, major antagonist of 3 Maccabees
5 Society War 264BC First Punic War
2848 Society Mass sickness 266BC Epidemic with many deaths in Babylon
5581 Society People 268BC Marcus Claudius Marcellus, five times consul; Gallic War, Punic War, killed Viridomarus in single combat; responsible for death of Archimedes
5225 Society People 270BC Quintus Fabius Pictor, earliest Roman historian
5226 Society Laws and legal system 272BC Creation of the Hebrew Bible Primary History
2846 Society Famine 273BC Famine in Babylon, people sold their children (for food?)
5300 Society People 276BC Eratosthenes of Cyrene
2901 Society Massacre 277BC Gallic army destroyed by furies and ghosts; Battle of Lysimachia
5306 Society People 278BC Ptolemy III Euergetes, first known example of decrees published as bilingual inscriptions, invented leap years, builder of the Serapeum, expanded the Alexandrian library
5246 Society Massacre 279BC Gallic invasion of Greece, Battle of Thermopylae
2915 Society War 280BC May Pyrrhic War
5582 Society People 280BC Fabius Maximus Cunctator: father of guerrilla warfare; five times consul, two times dictator
5535 Society Laws and legal system 287BC Lex Hortensia final result of the long class struggle between patricians and plebeians
5309 Society People 289BC Archimedes: mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer
5264 Society Massacre 291BC Capture and colonization of Venusia by Romans
5265 Society Massacre 293BC Battle of Aquilonia; Romans vs. Samnites
5266 Society Massacre 298BC Etruscans and Gauls invade Rome, Battle of Volterra
5263 Society War 298BC Third Samnite War, peoples of Italy unite against Rome
5550 Society Laws and legal system 299BC Valerian law allowed a Roman citizen, condemned by a magistrate to death or scourging, the right of appeal to the people
5303 Society People 300BC Aristo of Chios, stoic and companion of Zeno of Citium
5267 Society Massacre 305BC Battle of Bovianum, end of second Samnite War, Rome acquires more territory
5305 Society People 310BC Callimachus, catalogued the library at Alexandria
5268 Society Massacre 310BC Battle of Lake Vadimo; Romans vs. Etruscans; Rome acquires more territory
5307 Society People 310BC Apollonius of Rhodes, author of the Argonautica, librarian at Alexandria, Homeric scholar
5304 Society People 316BC Arcesilaus, founder of the Middle Academy and Academic skepticism; opposed Stoics
5269 Society War 321BC Battle of the Caudine Forks, humiliation of the Romans by Samnites
5262 Society War 326BC Second Samnite War, Roman expansion
1384 Society Mass Death 331BC Oct. 1 Battle of Arbela or Gaugamela, death of Darius, end of Persian Empire
5216 Society Prodigy 332BC "Bloody bread", vision of Apollo leaving city during siege of Tyre
5217 Society Sack or Destruction of City 332BC Alexander's Siege of Tyre
2929 Society People 333BC Mar. Alexander solves the Gordian Knot
5252 Society People 334BC Zeno of Citium, founder of Stoicism
5631 Society Expiation 337BC Minucia, a Vestal, tried for unchastity; convicted and buried alive near the Colline Gate
3 Society War 340BC Latin War, Battle of Vesuvius, duel of Titus Manlius, Devotio of Decius Mus
5232 Society People 341BC Epicurus
5261 Society War 343BC First Samnite War
5297 Society War 345BC Romans capture Volscian town, Sora
5215 Society People 345BC Timaeus of Tauromenium
5296 Society War 346BC Second Defeat of Antium and destruction of Satricum
5224 Society People 350BC Diocles of Peparethus, author of earliest known Roman history
5292 Society Politics 354BC End of the early Latin Wars; Rome prevails
5302 Society People 356BC Jul. 20 Alexander III of Macedon, the Great
5290 Society War 357BC Privernum and Velitrae raid Roman territory; Gaius Marcius Rutilus defends successfully
5291 Society War 358BC Renewal of treaty between Rome and the Latins; invasion by Gauls; C. Sulpicius Peticus appointed dictator, defeats Gauls
5644 Society War 359BC War with Tarquinii, Falerii and Caere; 307 Romans sacrificed by the Tarquinienses
5289 Society War 360BC Rome defeats coalition of Tiburtes and Gauls; Q. Servilius Ahala allegedly appointed dictator
5260 Society People 361BC Titus Manlius Torquatus single combat with gigantic Gaul - David and Goliath type story
5539 Society Mass sickness 365BC Deadly pestilence strikes Rome killing many important people including Camillus
5534 Society Laws and legal system 367BC Lex Licinia Sextia passed to modify Roman patrician monopoly on power; abolish all forms of discrimination against the plebeians
2820 Society Famine 374BC Famine so severe people "sold" (ate?) their children in Babylon
5288 Society Politics 375BC Period of anarchy in Rome
5285 Society War 377BC Defeat of Antium and destruction of Satricum
5287 Society Prodigy 377BC Voice heard from temple of Mater Matuta during burning of Satricum
5284 Society War 378BC Invasion of Volscii; revolt of plebs against patricians in Rome; Romans plunder Volscii territory
5207 Society Mass sickness 379BC "Supernatural disaster", turmoils and fears causing panic and discord in Carthage
2685 Society Mass Death 379BC Violent plague killed many Carthiginians
5283 Society War 380BC Dictatorship of T. Quinctius Cincinnatus; capture of Praeneste and nine towns
5281 Society Massacre 381BC M. Furius Camillus' victory at Satricum
5282 Society War 381BC Roman annexation of Tusculum
5279 Society War 382BC War between Rome and Praeneste
2816 Society Mass Death 383BC Mar. Pestilence in Babylon
5280 Society Mass sickness 383BC Pestilence in Rome
5278 Society Assassination 384BC Marcus Manlius Capitolinus martyred - thrown off the Tarpeian Rock - for trying to help the poor
5277 Society War 386BC Defection of the Latins from Rome, Volscians help the Antiates invade the Pomptine territory
5643 Society War 389BC Etruscans, the Volsci and the Aequi unite against Rome: Marcus Furius Camillus dictator
5247 Society War 390BC Gallic invasion of Rome, Battle of the Allia