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Displaying events 301 - 600 of 1136 in total
ID Category Subcategory Date Summary
5627 Society War 495BC Rome defended against Volscians by army-of-debtors; soldiers allowed to plunder to relieve their poverty
5289 Society War 360BC Rome defeats coalition of Tiburtes and Gauls; Q. Servilius Ahala allegedly appointed dictator
672 Environment Plasma Event 56BC Romans killed by thunderbolts
5297 Society War 345BC Romans capture Volscian town, Sora
5315 Society War 192BC Roman-Seleucid War, Treaty of Apamea
5504 Society War 91BC (Spr.) Roman Social War (91–88 BC)
5254 Society Massacre 215BC Roman consul, Postumius Albinus, beheaded; entire army destroyed by the Boii
5282 Society War 381BC Roman annexation of Tusculum
4943 Environment Hail 400AD Rock-sized hail up to eight pounds falls in many places
2645 Celestial Tunguska-like event 480BC Sep. Roaring sound in sky, great flame of light and dust cloud
5204 Geology River/Water Table Anomalies 426BC Oct. Rivers and springs stopped flowing for several days, land sinking and rising prior to Malian Gulf tsunami
514 Geology River/Water Table Anomalies 217BC River Allia flooding
5700 Society Laws and legal system 460BC Riots in Rome over constitutional reforms, abuses of the aristocracy; exile of Caeso Quinctius
1440 Society Prodigy 63BC Revival of ancient augural rite; bad omens resulted
5087 Society People 776BC Retrospective calculation of the First Olympiad used for dating purposes
5558 Society Laws and legal system 195BC Repeal of Lex Oppia after mass demonstrations by the women of Rome
5291 Society War 358BC Renewal of treaty between Rome and the Latins; invasion by Gauls; C. Sulpicius Peticus appointed dictator, defeats Gauls
5635 Society Prodigy 470BC Religious awe and fear of the gods owing to the occurrence of many prodigies and omens
5219 Society People 673BC Reign of Tullus Hostilius, third King of Rome
5312 Society People 578BC Reign of Servius Tullius, the Etruscan 'Mastarna', sixth King of Rome; building of defenses, division of Rome into districts, other reforms
5346 Society People 705BC Reign of Sennacherib, king of Assyria
5319 Society People 204BC Reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes; Rosetta Stone
5220 Society People 715BC Reign of Numa Pompilius, second King of Rome
5350 Society People 747BC Reign of Nabonassar, King of Babylon
5313 Society People 534BC Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, seventh and last King of Rome
5250 Society People 616BC Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, Tarquin the Elder, fifth King of Rome
5317 Society People 222BC Reign of Antiochus III the Great
5249 Society People 642BC Reign of Ancus Marcius, fourth King of Rome
1298 Celestial Halo 90BC Red halo around the sun observed from Rome
5519 Society Politics 83BC Rebellion in Spain: Quintus Sertorius, popularist general
5186 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 2300BC Rakshasos, falling meteoroids, associated with "terrible clamor" and sea level rise in Southern India
5498 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 91BC Rained stones for seven days in central Italy
1314 Environment Atmospheric Prodigies 461BC Rained flesh that did not turn bad
5339 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 166BC Rained earth in Campania
5494 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 94BC Rain of stones near Rome
5495 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 94BC Rain of stones in central Italy
5477 Celestial Falling Fire 140BC Rain of fireballs associated with eruption of Etna
2895 Environment Dust/Ash Veil 88BC (Sum.) Rain of ashes at Athens
5610 Society War 105BC Quintus Servilius Caepio plunders the temples of Tolosa and then loses entire Roman army in Battle of Arausio
5710 Society Politics 60BC Quintus Metellus Celer, consul 60 BC; Gaius Asinius Pollio, dated the start of the Civil Wars to this year
5225 Society People 270BC Quintus Fabius Pictor, earliest Roman historian
5565 Society Politics 49BC Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius Cornelianus Scipio Nasica: 'personally despicable... politically reactionary'; triggered war with Caesar
5619 Society Expiation 215BC Q. Fabius Pictor was sent to consult the oracle of Delphi
5213 Society People 570BC Pythagoras
2915 Society War 280BC May Pyrrhic War
5608 Society War 40BC Publius Ventidius Bassus; protege of Caesar; defeated Quintus Labienus and the Parthians
5584 Society Assassination 132BC Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica Serapio: murdered his cousin, Tiberius Gracchus; himself murdered by supporters of the Gracchi
5712 Society Politics 63BC Dec. 5 Publius Cornelius Lentulus Sura: executed by Cicero as a "Catilinarian Conspirator"
5716 Society Laws and legal system 451BC Publication of the first ten of the Twelve Tables of law after agitation by plebeians
5308 Society People 262BC Ptolemy IV Philopator, builder of largest human-powered vessel ever built, major antagonist of 3 Maccabees
5306 Society People 278BC Ptolemy III Euergetes, first known example of decrees published as bilingual inscriptions, invented leap years, builder of the Serapeum, expanded the Alexandrian library
5240 Society People 490BC Protagoras, first relativist
1310 Society Massacre 82BC Proscriptions of Sulla
5290 Society War 357BC Privernum and Velitrae raid Roman territory; Gaius Marcius Rutilus defends successfully
4530 Geology Earthquake 60AD Priests experience an earthquake during sacred ministrations
5175 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 2300BC Pre-Harappan civilization disappears from Indus region
1387 Celestial Tunguska-like event 91BC Possible Tunguska-like event or comet/asteroid impact in northern Italy
5323 Geology Volcanic Eruption 186BC Possible eruption of Vesuvius
5322 Geology Volcanic Eruption 188BC Possible eruption of Vesuvius
5321 Geology Volcanic Eruption 190BC Possible eruption of Vesuvius
5320 Geology Volcanic Eruption 204BC Possible eruption of Vesuvius
1447 Environment Animal Prodigies 54BC Portents in Rome: owls, dogs, wolves
675 Society Prodigy 52BC Portents follow the decree of the Senate to tear down temples of Serapis and Isis
1452 Society Prodigy 53BC Portents afflict Crassus and his army while crossing the Euphrates
5566 Society Politics 45BC Porcia Catonis, daughter of Cato the Younger, marries Brutus the assassin
5697 Society Politics 473BC Political strife between the orders, tribune Cnaeus Genucius murdered
5722 Society Slave Rebellion 417BC Plot by slaves to seize Rome
5201 Celestial Comet 1188BC Pleiades-Arctic comet "trails out for a long distance" associated with the fall of Troy recorded in Roman texts
5543 Society Politics 493BC Plebeian Council's authority recognized by Patricians (unwillingly)
5721 Society Politics 425BC Plebeian agitation prevents consular elections
5248 Society People 428BC Plato
4513 Society Mass sickness 305AD Plagues
121 Society Mass Death 259AD Plague of Cyprian
69 Archeology Epidemic Mass Grave 430BC Plague of Athens thought to have been Typhoid
2655 Society Mass Death 426BC (Win.) Plague of Athens 3rd outbreak
2346 Society Mass Death 428BC (Spr.) Plague of Athens 2nd outbreak
2852 Society Mass Death 430BC (Sum.) Plague of Athens 1st outbreak
5462 Archeology Climate Evidence 3250BC Piora Oscillation sudden cooling: volcanic eruption or a meteor or an asteroid impact event
5214 Society People 522BC Pindar
5381 Society Mass Migration 1180BC Phrygians appear in historical record; migrate from southern Balkans to Anatolia upon collapse of Hittite empire
2696 Geology Earthquake 354BC Phocian generals attempt to loot the temple at Delphi, earthquake occurs, terrifying everyone
5318 Society People 238BC Philip V of Macedon
5729 Society Mass sickness 400BC (Sum.) Pestilential summer at Rome; deadly to man and beast; Sibylline Books consulted
4671 Archeology Epigraphic Evidence 155AD Pestilence in Yemen
5280 Society Mass sickness 383BC Pestilence in Rome
2797 Society Mass sickness 94BC Jul. Pestilence in Babylon; many deaths
2790 Society Mass sickness 108BC Pestilence in Babylon affected humans and dogs
2793 Society Mass sickness 106BC Pestilence in Babylon
2758 Society Mass sickness 144BC Pestilence in Babylon
2816 Society Mass Death 383BC Mar. Pestilence in Babylon
4164 Society Mass Death 50AD Pestilence in a frightful winter prevents invasion of Armenia
5634 Society Mass sickness 470BC Pestilence attacked pregnant women killing both mothers and infants
5725 Society Mass sickness 410BC Pestilence and famine, social unrest over land reform
4685 Environment Drought 24BC Perpetual droughts in Syria an Judea
5288 Society Politics 375BC Period of anarchy in Rome
5732 Environment Unusual Sounds 48BC Pergamum: noise of drums and cymbals spread throughout the city
335 Environment Flood 525AD Apr. 22 People drown in the great and sudden flood at Edessa
5235 Society People 515BC Parmenides of Elea
1474 Environment Plant Prodigies 48BC Aug. 9 Palm tree shoots up at the base of Caesar's statue in Tralles
5376 Archeology Comet/Asteroid Evidence 10900BC Palaeolithic extinctions and the Taurid Complex
5626 Society Politics 495BC P. Servilius Priscus Structus passed edict for partial amelioration of debt slavery in order to levy an army
5193 Celestial Tunguska-like event 3123BC Jun. 29 Overhead comet/asteroid explosion; Köfels’ Impact
5526 Society Politics 133BC Optimates and Populares solidify their positions in respect of the Gracchi
2885 Society Mass Death 850BC Olympic Games restored to end long period of war and pestilence
2811 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 419BC Numerous fireballs over several months, possible overhead meteor explosion; observed in Babylon
689 Society Mass sickness 707BC Numa Pompilius, pestilence
2200 Geology Earthquake 128AD Nicopolis and Caesarea are ruined by an earthquake
285 Geology Earthquake 362AD Dec. 2 Nicomedia and Nicaea destroyed by an Earthquake
5419 Archeology Cultural Evidence 8400BC Nevalı Çori, Anatolia; temples and monumental sculpture; Einkorn wheat first domesticated; ceramic firing
5464 Archeology Climate Evidence 7500BC Neolithic subpluvial wet period begins; wet and rainy N. Africa for 2K years
5096 Society Mass Migration 734BC Naxus, Sicily founded
5418 Archeology Cultural Evidence 12500BC Natufian culture of the Eastern Mediterranean; domestication of dogs
5355 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1190BC Mycenaean Greece perishes with the collapse of Bronze-Age culture in the eastern Mediterranean
5382 Society Mass Migration 1180BC Mushki appear in historical record, migrating from the West, following collapse of Late Bronze Age
5420 Archeology Cultural Evidence 10200BC Mureybetian culture, Pre-Pottery Neolithic A, northern Syria; early agriculture, animal domestication
5532 Society Assassination 133BC Murder of Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus: sought agrarian reforms to transfer wealth from the wealthy, patricians and otherwise, to the poor.
2814 Environment Unusual Weather 384BC Multiple tornados in Babylon
5497 Society Prodigy 94BC Multiple prodigies recorded at Rome
1398 Geology Earthquake 426BC (Sum.) Multiple earthquakes in Greece during Peloponnesian War
513 Celestial Comet 217BC Multiple comets: bright hair of more than one comet... showed its baleful glare
5594 Society People 95BC Mucia Tertia: wife of Gaius Marius minor, Pompeius Magnus, Marcus Aemilius Scaurus; mother of Sextus Pompeius
1326 Geology Earthquake 217BC Jun. 24 Mountains cleft asunder, rivers blocked by earthquake during Battle of Lake Trasimene
509 Geology Landslide 217BC Mount Garganus, collapsing with tottering summit, overset its forests
2231 Geology Volcanic Eruption 1226BC Mount Etna erupts
1426 Geology Volcanic Eruption 472BC Mount Epopos shot forth fire, collapse of land, great noise
5329 Celestial Halo 163BC Moon surrounded by halo observed from Babylon
5591 Society People 160BC Mnesarchus of Athens; leader of the Stoic school
5512 Society People 135BC Mithridates VI of Pontus
5631 Society Expiation 337BC Minucia, a Vestal, tried for unchastity; convicted and buried alive near the Colline Gate
5724 Society Politics 412BC Military Tribune murdered by his troops over his resistance to land reform
49 Celestial Comet 466BC Meteorite falls at Aegospotami while bright comet is passing; Halley
2855 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 327BC Jan. 14 Meteor with a tail observed by Babylonians
2829 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 344BC Feb. Meteor shower, fireballs and meteors
2735 Celestial Falling Fire 211BC Jun. Meteor shower observed in Babylon; meteor impact in China
650 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 204BC Meteor shooting from east to west
2875 Celestial Falling Fire 210BC Jul. Meteor or fireball falls in association with a comet observed in Babylon
2792 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 106BC Meteor followed by loud noise in the sky observed in Babylon
1466 Celestial Meteor 49BC Meteor fire on and over Rome
2739 Celestial Falling Fire 198BC Meteor falling to ground in Babylon
1483 Society Massacre 68AD (Spr.) Merciless terror excerted by the Zealots: "He who survived called them that were already dead happy"
5435 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3950BC Maykop culture W. Caucasus between Black Sea and Caspian; ties to the Iranian plateau and to South Central Asia
5508 Society Massacre 88BC May Massacre of Romans & Italici in Asia by Mithridates
5161 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 1650BC Mass displacement of populations resulting from Theran eruption
2760 Environment Animal Mass Death 137BC Mass death of cattle in Babylon; unspecified cause but associated with comet observations
4256 Society Mass sickness 599AD Marseilles and other cities are devastated by plague
5525 Society Politics 63BC Jan. Marcus Tullius Cicero takes up his consulship
5593 Society People 116BC Marcus Terentius Varro Reatinus; the most learned of the Romans; Varronian chronology
5609 Society Massacre 82BC Marcus Marius Gratidianus: popularist reformer and human sacrifice martyr during Sullan proscriptions
5278 Society Assassination 384BC Marcus Manlius Capitolinus martyred - thrown off the Tarpeian Rock - for trying to help the poor
5650 Society Politics 91BC Marcus Livius Drusus proposed land reform and giving Roman citizenship to all freemen of Italy; triggered Social War
5544 Society War 53BC Marcus Licinius Crassus: wealthiest man in Roman history; patron of Julius Caesar; defeated and killed by Parthians
5538 Society People 446BC Marcus Furius Camillus: longest-reigning Roman dictator until Sulla and Caesar; passed Lex Licinia under pressure
5581 Society People 268BC Marcus Claudius Marcellus, five times consul; Gallic War, Punic War, killed Viridomarus in single combat; responsible for death of Archimedes
5704 Society Politics 51BC Marcus Claudius Marcellus, consul 51 BC, optimate; urged extreme measures against Caesar; had a senator of Comum scourged
5612 Society Politics 87BC Marcus Antonius (consul 99 BC); executed by Marius and Cinna
5595 Society People 100BC Marcus Aemilius Scaurus (praetor 56 BC); massacres in Judea mentioned in the Dead Sea scrolls
5679 Society Politics 78BC Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul 78 BC), turned against Sulla and became Popularist rebel and revolutionary
1438 Environment Unusual Weather 65BC Many towers in Rome struck with lightning; melts statues and bronze tablets
1312 Environment Atmospheric Prodigies 49BC Many towers destroyed by thunderbolts in Italy during civil war
677 Environment Plasma Event 52BC Many thunderbolts in Rome
4259 Celestial Unspecified Prodigies 595AD Many signs are seen in the sky
2277 Society Sack or Destruction of City 630AD Many Northern Italian cities are destroyed and razed
676 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 52BC Many clods, stones, shards and blood went flying through the air
506 Geology Earthquake 375AD Nov. 19 Many cities in Greece severely shaken by an earthquake
5576 Society People 233BC Manius Acilius Glabrio (consul 191 BC): defeated Antiochus III at the Battle of Thermopylae
2387 Geology Tsunami 426BC Oct. Malian Gulf tsunami during Peloponnesian War
5402 Archeology Cultural Evidence 22000BC Mal'ta-Buret' culture west of Lake Baikal similar to coeval cultures of Western and Eastern Europe
2897 Geology Earthquake 226BC Major Rhodes earthquake causes colossus to collapse, three meters uplift
5281 Society Massacre 381BC M. Furius Camillus' victory at Satricum
2898 Geology Earthquake 287BC Lysimachia destroyed by earthquake killing many residents
5398 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1300BC Lusatian culture of Eastern Europe develops from preceding Trzciniec culture
610 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 814AD Lunar eclipses are frequent during the last years before Charlemagne's death
2516 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 714BC Oct. 24 Lunar eclipse, Sargon II of Assyria
3084 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 4BC Mar. 13 Lunar eclipse, death of Herod the Great
2636 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 491BC Apr. 25 Lunar eclipse, 31st year of Darius, Ptolemy
2619 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 620BC Apr. 21 Lunar eclipse recorded by Babylonians, analyzed by Ptolemy
2661 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 425BC Oct. 9 Lunar eclipse recorded by Aristophanes
2912 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 331BC Sep. 20 Lunar eclipse eleven days before battle of Gaugamela
1271 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 413BC Aug. 27 Lunar eclipse caused Nicias to delay abandoning the siege of Syracuse leading to destruction of Athenian forces
426 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 802AD Dec. 19 Lunar Eclipse at Dawn
2632 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 523BC Jul. 16 Lunar eclipse 7th year of Cambyses analyzed by Ptolemy
2633 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 502BC Nov. 19 Lunar eclipse 20th year of Darius, analyzed by Ptolemy
494 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 904AD Lunar Eclipse
427 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 806AD Sep. 2 Lunar Eclipse
424 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 795AD Mar. 28 Lunar Eclipse
416 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 734AD Jan. 22 Lunar Eclipse
4596 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 136AD Mar. 5 Lunar eclipse
4595 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 134AD Oct. 20 Lunar eclipse
4594 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 133AD May 6 Lunar eclipse
4593 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 125AD Apr. 5 Lunar eclipse
2866 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 67BC Jan. 19 Lunar eclipse
2757 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 150BC Jul. 2 Lunar eclipse
2610 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 610BC Sep. 15 Lunar eclipse
2856 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 612BC Nov. 5 Lunar eclipse
2865 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 631BC May 24 Lunar eclipse
5086 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 719BC Sep. 1 Lunar eclipse
2609 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 719BC Mar. 8 Lunar eclipse
2608 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 721BC Mar. 19 Lunar eclipse
5085 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 746BC Jul. 22 Lunar eclipse
5084 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 746BC Jan. 26 Lunar Eclipse
5083 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 747BC Aug. 2 Lunar eclipse
2525 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 747BC Feb. 6 Lunar eclipse
5524 Society War 62BC Jan. Lucius Sergius Catilina killed at the Battle of Pistoria
5570 Society Politics 121BC Lucius Opimius (consul 121 BC) ordered the extralegal executions of 3000 supporters of Gaius Gracchus
5590 Society People 118BC Lucius Licinius Lucullus; fought Third Mithridatic War; gastronome, "Xerxes in a toga"
5707 Society Politics 64BC Lucius Julius Caesar, consul 64 BC; cousin and supporter of Julius Caesar; tried Gaius Rabirius
5669 Society Politics 49BC Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, consul 49 BC, triggered civil war; fled Rome
5516 Society Politics 86BC Lucius Cornelius Cinna: Domination of Cinna
5708 Society Politics 43BC Lucius Cornelius Balbus minor; served under Julius Caesar; 43 BC quaestor to Asinius Pollio
5692 Society Politics 58BC Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, consul 58 BC, father-in-law of Julius Caesar
5713 Society Politics 60BC Lucius Afranius, consul 60 BC
5579 Society People 216BC Lucius Aemilius Paullus (consul 219, 216 BC):shared command with Varro at the Battle of Cannae, killed in battle
5680 Society Politics 50BC Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus (consul 50 BC); destroyed the temples of Isis and Serapis by Senate decree
2776 Environment Insect Infestation 124BC May Locusts, large and numerous
2799 Environment Insect Infestation 91BC Feb. Locusts in late winter in Babylon
5395 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1450BC Linear B: syllabic script used for writing Mycenaean Greek
5393 Archeology Epigraphic Evidence 2500BC Linear A writing system; Minoan language connected to Etruscan?
5470 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1000BC Ligures: earliest Indo-European speakers of the European West; direct descendants of Cro-Magnon?
4167 Society Prodigy 53BC Lightning, monsters and death of politicians portend political changes
2321 Environment Unusual Weather 338BC Lightning, divine fire disrupts siege of Cydonia
2265 Environment Unusual Fire 188AD Lightning destroyed the Capitol
433 Environment Plasma Event 186BC Lightning bolts, appearing in many places, had scorched the clothes of many persons by a slight blast of heat
2689 Environment Plasma Event 368BC Lightening and thunder from a clear sky at beginning of battle between Spartans, Arcadians and Argives
5457 Archeology Cultural Evidence 4350BC Leyla-Tepe culture; S. Caucasus Azerbaijan; amphora burials
5553 Society Laws and legal system 184BC Lex Porcia III: severe penalties for magistrates who refuse to grant provocatio (appeal)
5552 Society Laws and legal system 195BC Lex Porcia II: right of Roman citizen to appeal a sentence of flogging
5551 Society Laws and legal system 199BC Lex Porcia I: extended the right to provocatio (appeal) to locations outside of Rome
5557 Society Laws and legal system 215BC Lex Oppia: law against luxury and extravagance also oppression of women's rights to property and dress
5534 Society Laws and legal system 367BC Lex Licinia Sextia passed to modify Roman patrician monopoly on power; abolish all forms of discrimination against the plebeians
5555 Society Laws and legal system 95BC Lex Licinia Mucia passed ejecting non-citizens from Rome or prosecuting 'false citizens'; triggered Social War
5715 Society Laws and legal system 455BC Lex Icilia distributes illegally held land on the Aventine to plebeians
5535 Society Laws and legal system 287BC Lex Hortensia final result of the long class struggle between patricians and plebeians
5577 Society Laws and legal system 191BC Lex Acilia de intercalando: authorized the pontifices to decree an intercalary period in order to prevent seasonal drift
5238 Society People 480BC Leucippus
5471 Archeology Cultural Evidence 550BC Lepontic Language
5473 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1100BC Latins: Indo-Europeans migrated to Italy after collapse of Bronze Age
3 Society War 340BC Latin War, Battle of Vesuvius, duel of Titus Manlius, Devotio of Decius Mus
5354 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1200BC Late Bronze Age collapse; almost every significant city in the eastern Mediterranean world destroyed
5272 Society War 508BC Lars Porsena War between Clusium and Aricia; Rome acquires survivors as citizens
1322 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 223BC Large fireball; light like day
5185 Archeology Earthquake Evidence 2300BC Land subsidence, Sri Lanka
5369 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 10900BC Laacher See formed by a Plinian eruption; widespread destruction; two decades of environmental disruption
5391 Archeology Dating Evidence 500BC La Tène culture develops from Iron Age Hallstatt culture; Celtoi, Galli; expands to Hispania, Italy, the Balkans, Asia Minor
5405 Archeology Cultural Evidence 900BC Kingdom of Tabal; neo-Hittite, Luwian speaking, south central Anatolia
5396 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1500BC Kingdom of Mitanni aristocracy shows Indo-Aryan roots
4520 Society Sack or Destruction of City 600AD King Theudebert's and Theuderic's army lay waste the towns and districts along the Seine
5719 Society Politics 437BC King of Veii executes Roman envoys; Aulus Cornelius Cossus kills him in single combat
4519 Society Massacre 600AD King Chlotar's army is massacred by Kings Theudebert and Theuderic
5717 Society Politics 449BC Kidnapping and death of Verginia and overthrow of the decemviri
5427 Archeology Cultural Evidence 5000BC Khvalynsk on the Volga culture
5407 Society Politics 1570BC Kassites rule of Babylon
5403 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1450BC Kaskians, peoples living in mountainous Pontic Anatolia during Hittite times; unknown origins
5436 Archeology Cultural Evidence 1500BC Karasuk culture; Central Asian steppes; advanced, industrial metal workers
5423 Archeology Dating Evidence 9000BC Karaca Dağ, eastern Turkey, site of first domestication of einkorn wheat
5587 Society People 63BC Junia Tertia born, daughter of Julius Caesar? Wife of assassin Gaius Cassius Longinus
5506 Society War 112BC Jugurthine War
4556 Geology Earthquake 113AD Jerome's Antioch earthquake
510 Environment Plasma Event 217BC Javelins blazed up suddenly in the hands of astounded soldiers
1316 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 50BC It rained wool in the vicinity of Compsa Castle; rained bricks
1315 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 53BC It rained iron the shape of sponges in Lucania
1428 Geology Volcanic Eruption 91BC Islands burned several days, sea burned during the Social War
1422 Geology Other 67BC Island appeared among the Cyclades
5467 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1806BC Ipuwer Papyrus, turmoil, arrival of the Asiatics
5284 Society War 378BC Invasion of Volscii; revolt of plebs against patricians in Rome; Romans plunder Volscii territory
2082 Society War 593AD Invasion of the kingdom of Chlotar with great losses
399 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 245BC Feb. 14 Innumerable large and small meteors traveled westward, China
2304 Society Mass Death 312AD Innumberable deaths by famine and plague
5466 Archeology Cultural Evidence 3300BC Indus Valley Civilisation; urban planning, metallurgy, wheeled transport, trade network, writing
1279 Celestial Comet 76BC In the western sky, comet with a terrible glare during the consulship of Gnaeus Octavius
652 Environment Unusual Sounds 204BC In the temple of Juno Sospita at Lanuvium a noise was heard with a dreadful crash
5340 Environment Fall of Unusual Objects 166BC In Praenestine territory showers of blood fell
5336 Environment Strange Sounds 163BC In Cephallenia a trumpet seemed to sound in the sky
4359 Society War 594AD In a war between Franks and Bretons many fall by the sword
5718 Society Politics 450BC Illegal seizure of power by Decemvirs leads to reforms
5368 Archeology Dating Evidence 10900BC Ice core data supports ancient space impact idea
44 Celestial Comet 480BC Sep. Horn shaped Comet, Battle of Salamis
5624 Society War 509BC Horatius Cocles defends Rome at the Sublicius bridge against Etruscans, Lars Porsenna
5234 Society People 750BC Homer
5424 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 10900BC Holocene extinction; The Sixth Extinction; Younger Dryas Impact Event
2420 Archeology Climate Evidence 210BC Historical, ice core, tree ring evidence for at least two volcanic eruptions between 212 and 200
5094 Society Politics 739BC Hiram II becomes King of Tyre
47 Society People 449BC Herodotus Writes The Histories
5211 Society People 484BC Herodotus
66 Society People 440BC Heraclitus, Early Stoicism
5233 Society People 535BC Heraclitus of Ephesus
5366 Archeology Volcanic Eruption Evidence 1021BC Hekla 3 eruption causes 18 years of global cooling; tree ring and ice core evidence
2673 Environment Unusual Weather 404BC (Win.) Heavy snowstorm associated with the Battle of Phyle
2878 Environment Unusual Weather 143BC Heavy snowfall in Syria/Palestine during Maccabean Revolt
2730 Environment Unusual Weather 233BC Nov. Heavy rain, flooding, severe cold in Babylon
4168 Celestial Fire in the sky 333AD Dec. 25 Heaven blazes with continuous fire on the very night after Constans is elevated to the rank of Caesar at Constantinople
5356 Archeology Mass destruction of unknown origin 1180BC Hattusas burned to the ground; Hittite kingdom vanishes from the historical record
4950 Environment Unusual Weather 1020AD (Win.) Harsh winter in Western Europe
4923 Environment Unusual Weather 1011AD (Win.) Harsh winter in Kievan Rus', Europe and Northern Africa
5177 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 2200BC Harappan culture migrates from Western Asia to Indus region
5578 Society People 247BC Hannibal: one of the greatest military commanders in history
5575 Society War 218BC Hannibal crosses the Alps into Italy: Battle of Ticinus
5255 Environment Atmospheric Prodigies 198BC Haloes around the sun and moon
1297 Environment Atmospheric Prodigies 114BC Halo around the sun in the consulships of Gaius Porcius and Manius Acilius
5384 Archeology Dating Evidence 800BC Hallstatt culture becomes predominant Central European culture; spread to western Iberian peninsula, Britain, and Ireland
493 Celestial Comet 892AD Apr. 25 Hairy Star appears