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Displaying events 601 - 900 of 1136 in total
ID Category Subcategory Date Summary
5536 Society People 234BC Cato the Elder
5561 Society People 236BC Scipio Africanus: never lost a battle; first Roman general to expand Roman territories outside Italy; hated by Cato the Elder; grandfather of the Gracchi
25 Celestial Comet 238BC May Broom Star stretched across the heavens, China
2728 Environment Insect Infestation 238BC Attack of locusts in Babylon
5318 Society People 238BC Philip V of Macedon
9 Celestial Comet 240BC May Broom star; Comet Halley
2726 Celestial Solar Eclipse 241BC Nov. 28 Solar eclipse observed in Babylon
2725 Celestial Solar Eclipse 242BC Jun. 15 Solar eclipse observed in Babylon
2509 Environment Unusual Weather 243BC Severe cold in Babylon
399 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 245BC Feb. 14 Innumerable large and small meteors traveled westward, China
5578 Society People 247BC Hannibal: one of the greatest military commanders in history
2723 Celestial Falling Fire 248BC Jan. Fall of fire outside of Babylonian territory observed from Babylon
5299 Environment Unusual Weather 248BC Jan. Severe cold in Babylon
2720 Celestial Solar Eclipse 249BC May 4 Solar eclipse observed in Babylon
5221 Archeology Dating Evidence 250BC Giant ancient water basin found in Rome
2719 Geology Earthquake 252BC Feb. 19 Earthquake followed by hailstorm in Babylon
1320 Environment Unusual Weather 253BC Violent Storm in the Mediterranean
5298 Environment Unusual Weather 253BC Violent hail storm in Babylon
2718 Celestial Solar Eclipse 254BC Jan. 31 Solar eclipse observed by Babylonians
507 Society Mass Death 255BC Jul. 4 Severe storm, destruction of Roman Fleet with massive mortality
2717 Celestial Solar Eclipse 256BC Sep. 16 Solar eclipse observed by Babylonians
5308 Society People 262BC Ptolemy IV Philopator, builder of largest human-powered vessel ever built, major antagonist of 3 Maccabees
5 Society War 264BC First Punic War
2848 Society Mass sickness 266BC Epidemic with many deaths in Babylon
5581 Society People 268BC Marcus Claudius Marcellus, five times consul; Gallic War, Punic War, killed Viridomarus in single combat; responsible for death of Archimedes
5225 Society People 270BC Quintus Fabius Pictor, earliest Roman historian
5226 Society Laws and legal system 272BC Creation of the Hebrew Bible Primary History
2846 Society Famine 273BC Famine in Babylon, people sold their children (for food?)
5300 Society People 276BC Eratosthenes of Cyrene
2901 Society Massacre 277BC Gallic army destroyed by furies and ghosts; Battle of Lysimachia
5306 Society People 278BC Ptolemy III Euergetes, first known example of decrees published as bilingual inscriptions, invented leap years, builder of the Serapeum, expanded the Alexandrian library
2893 Geology Earthquake 279BC (Win.) Earthquake during Gallic invasion of Greece; thunderbolts and rocks fall from Parnassus
5245 Environment Unusual Weather 279BC Tempest, hail, severe cold, snow, during Gallic invasion of Greece
5246 Society Massacre 279BC Gallic invasion of Greece, Battle of Thermopylae
2915 Society War 280BC May Pyrrhic War
5582 Society People 280BC Fabius Maximus Cunctator: father of guerrilla warfare; five times consul, two times dictator
2842 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 285BC Bright meteor, and "fall of fire" observed by Babylonians
2843 Environment Insect Infestation 285BC Attack of locusts in Babylon
2898 Geology Earthquake 287BC Lysimachia destroyed by earthquake killing many residents
5535 Society Laws and legal system 287BC Lex Hortensia final result of the long class struggle between patricians and plebeians
5309 Society People 289BC Archimedes: mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer
5264 Society Massacre 291BC Capture and colonization of Venusia by Romans
2840 Celestial Fire in the sky 292BC May Bright meteor with a tail, lighted up the ground, "let loose its flame", observed by Babylonians
5265 Society Massacre 293BC Battle of Aquilonia; Romans vs. Samnites
2839 Celestial Falling Fire 294BC Very bright meteor with tail, fall of fire observed by Babylonians
170 Celestial Comet 296BC Broom Star, China
5263 Society War 298BC Third Samnite War, peoples of Italy unite against Rome
5266 Society Massacre 298BC Etruscans and Gauls invade Rome, Battle of Volterra
5550 Society Laws and legal system 299BC Valerian law allowed a Roman citizen, condemned by a magistrate to death or scourging, the right of appeal to the people
2838 Celestial Fire in the sky 300BC "Fall of fire" observed by Babylonians
5303 Society People 300BC Aristo of Chios, stoic and companion of Zeno of Citium
4 Celestial Comet 303BC Broom Star, China, also recorded on the Parian marble of Greece
2716 Geology Earthquake 303BC Earthquakes in Ionia recorded on Parian marble, Greece
61 Celestial Comet 305BC Broom Star, China
5267 Society Massacre 305BC Battle of Bovianum, end of second Samnite War, Rome acquires more territory
2837 Celestial Falling Fire 307BC "Fall of fire" observed by Babylonians
2836 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 309BC Bright meteor with a tail observed by Babylonians
5268 Society Massacre 310BC Battle of Lake Vadimo; Romans vs. Etruscans; Rome acquires more territory
5305 Society People 310BC Callimachus, catalogued the library at Alexandria
5307 Society People 310BC Apollonius of Rhodes, author of the Argonautica, librarian at Alexandria, Homeric scholar
2709 Environment Unusual Weather 316BC Great rainstorm and hail floods Rhodes, city walls collapse, 500 killed
5304 Society People 316BC Arcesilaus, founder of the Middle Academy and Academic skepticism; opposed Stoics
5269 Society War 321BC Battle of the Caudine Forks, humiliation of the Romans by Samnites
2833 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 323BC Nov. Fireballs recorded by Babylonians, one like a "torch"
2708 Geology Tsunami 325BC Nov. Tsunami destroys much of Alexander's fleet in India
5218 Geology Earthquake 325BC Nov. Earthquake associated with tsunami that destroyed much of Alexander's fleet in India
5262 Society War 326BC Second Samnite War, Roman expansion
2855 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 327BC Jan. 14 Meteor with a tail observed by Babylonians
1384 Society Mass Death 331BC Oct. 1 Battle of Arbela or Gaugamela, death of Darius, end of Persian Empire
2700 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 331BC Oct. 1 Fireballs, portents decide fate of Persian Empire at Battle of Gaugamela
2912 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 331BC Sep. 20 Lunar eclipse eleven days before battle of Gaugamela
2707 Environment Animal Prodigies 332BC (Spr.) During siege of Tyre sea monster tossed up by large wave
5216 Society Prodigy 332BC "Bloody bread", vision of Apollo leaving city during siege of Tyre
5217 Society Sack or Destruction of City 332BC Alexander's Siege of Tyre
2929 Society People 333BC Mar. Alexander solves the Gordian Knot
2830 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 333BC Fireball illuminated ground recorded by Babylonians
5252 Society People 334BC Zeno of Citium, founder of Stoicism
5631 Society Expiation 337BC Minucia, a Vestal, tried for unchastity; convicted and buried alive near the Colline Gate
2321 Environment Unusual Weather 338BC Lightning, divine fire disrupts siege of Cydonia
3 Society War 340BC Latin War, Battle of Vesuvius, duel of Titus Manlius, Devotio of Decius Mus
60 Celestial Comet 340BC Comet coincided with storm at Corinth
2699 Environment Hail 341BC Battle of the Crimisus
5232 Society People 341BC Epicurus
5261 Society War 343BC First Samnite War
2829 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 344BC Feb. Meteor shower, fireballs and meteors
59 Celestial Comet 345BC Timoleon's Torch; a 'Mane-shaped' comet changed into a spear
5215 Society People 345BC Timaeus of Tauromenium
5297 Society War 345BC Romans capture Volscian town, Sora
5296 Society War 346BC Second Defeat of Antium and destruction of Satricum
1294 Celestial Sun activity 349BC Bloody chasm in the sky, fire falling, aurora?
2408 Geology Earthquake 350BC Earthquake at Prieni, Asia Minor; city totally destroyed
2905 Geology Earthquake 350BC First recorded Persian earthquake; numerous cities, 2000 villages destroyed
2907 Geology Volcanic Eruption 350BC Volcanic eruption, earthquakes and tsunami on the island of Pithecussae
5224 Society People 350BC Diocles of Peparethus, author of earliest known Roman history
2696 Geology Earthquake 354BC Phocian generals attempt to loot the temple at Delphi, earthquake occurs, terrifying everyone
5292 Society Politics 354BC End of the early Latin Wars; Rome prevails
5302 Society People 356BC Jul. 20 Alexander III of Macedon, the Great
5290 Society War 357BC Privernum and Velitrae raid Roman territory; Gaius Marcius Rutilus defends successfully
5291 Society War 358BC Renewal of treaty between Rome and the Latins; invasion by Gauls; C. Sulpicius Peticus appointed dictator, defeats Gauls
5644 Society War 359BC War with Tarquinii, Falerii and Caere; 307 Romans sacrificed by the Tarquinienses
2701 Geology Earthquake 360BC Earthquakes Heraclea Pontica and Orphyneum
5210 Geology Volcanic Eruption 360BC Volcanic eruption on the Island of Vulcano
5289 Society War 360BC Rome defeats coalition of Tiburtes and Gauls; Q. Servilius Ahala allegedly appointed dictator
58 Celestial Comet 361BC Broom Star, China
5260 Society People 361BC Titus Manlius Torquatus single combat with gigantic Gaul - David and Goliath type story
5539 Society Mass sickness 365BC Deadly pestilence strikes Rome killing many important people including Camillus
2825 Environment Tornados and Watersprouts 367BC Tornadoes in Babylon
2826 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 367BC Very bright fireball observed in Babylon
5534 Society Laws and legal system 367BC Lex Licinia Sextia passed to modify Roman patrician monopoly on power; abolish all forms of discrimination against the plebeians
2689 Environment Plasma Event 368BC Lightening and thunder from a clear sky at beginning of battle between Spartans, Arcadians and Argives
2688 Celestial Solar Eclipse 369BC Apr. 11 Solar eclipse in 35th year of Artaxerxes II, observed in Babylon
2822 Celestial Falling Fire 371BC Jul. A "fall of fire" to the ground observed in Babylon
2821 Celestial Falling Fire 373BC Jul. A "fall of fire". Meteor shower or fireballs? Observed in Babylon
54 Celestial Tunguska-like event 373BC (Win.) Great Comet like a flaming torch before great earthquake and tsunami that swallowed entire cities in Greece
1217 Geology Earthquake 373BC (Win.) Earthquake at Delos just before great earthquake and tsunami
2680 Geology Tsunami 373BC (Win.) Sea rose to a vast height, a wave towering even higher drowned all the inhabitants and washed away the city of Helicê
5208 Geology Earthquake 373BC (Win.) Great earthquake; Bura disappeared in a chasm of the earth, and Helice was wiped out by a wave from the sea.
5209 Environment Animal Prodigies 373BC (Win.) For five days before great earthquake and tsunami, creatures flee region
2820 Society Famine 374BC Famine so severe people "sold" (ate?) their children in Babylon
5288 Society Politics 375BC Period of anarchy in Rome
5285 Society War 377BC Defeat of Antium and destruction of Satricum
5286 Environment Unusual Weather 377BC Battle of Satricum interrupted by severe rainstorm
5287 Society Prodigy 377BC Voice heard from temple of Mater Matuta during burning of Satricum
5284 Society War 378BC Invasion of Volscii; revolt of plebs against patricians in Rome; Romans plunder Volscii territory
2685 Society Mass Death 379BC Violent plague killed many Carthiginians
5207 Society Mass sickness 379BC "Supernatural disaster", turmoils and fears causing panic and discord in Carthage
5283 Society War 380BC Dictatorship of T. Quinctius Cincinnatus; capture of Praeneste and nine towns
5281 Society Massacre 381BC M. Furius Camillus' victory at Satricum
5282 Society War 381BC Roman annexation of Tusculum
5279 Society War 382BC War between Rome and Praeneste
2816 Society Mass Death 383BC Mar. Pestilence in Babylon
5280 Society Mass sickness 383BC Pestilence in Rome
2814 Environment Unusual Weather 384BC Multiple tornados in Babylon
2815 Celestial Falling Fire 384BC A "fall of fire" recorded in Babylon
5278 Society Assassination 384BC Marcus Manlius Capitolinus martyred - thrown off the Tarpeian Rock - for trying to help the poor
5277 Society War 386BC Defection of the Latins from Rome, Volscians help the Antiates invade the Pomptine territory
2679 Geology Earthquake 388BC Earthquake at Argos deters invasion
5206 Celestial Falling Fire 388BC Thunderbolt falls killing several men
5643 Society War 389BC Etruscans, the Volsci and the Aequi unite against Rome: Marcus Furius Camillus dictator
5247 Society War 390BC Gallic invasion of Rome, Battle of the Allia
2678 Celestial Solar Eclipse 394BC Aug. 14 Solar eclipse, Spartan defeat at the Battle of Cnidus
1295 Celestial Other 394BC "Meteoric lights, beams" at Battle of Cnidus
2677 Geology Volcanic Eruption 396BC Eruption of Mount Etna during war between Carthaginians and Syracuse
2899 Society Mass Death 396BC (Sum.) Carthaginian plague during war against Sicily
5205 Society War 397BC Siege of Syracuse by Carthaginians
5730 Society Politics 398BC Tribunes elected are all patrician after augurs say pestilence due to plebeians in high office
5731 Geology River/Water Table Anomalies 398BC The Alban Lake rose to an unusual height, without any rainfall or other cause; embassy sent to oracle at Delphi
5727 Society Expiation 399BC First lectisternum held in Rome - banquest to appease the gods
2675 Celestial Solar Eclipse 400BC Jun. 21 Solar eclipse recorded by Ennius, reported by Cicero
2674 Geology Earthquake 400BC Earthquake - divine displeasure - halts invasion of Elis
5728 Environment Unusual Weather 400BC (Win.) Extreme cold at Rome, roads blocked, Tiber frozen
5729 Society Mass sickness 400BC (Sum.) Pestilential summer at Rome; deadly to man and beast; Sibylline Books consulted
2673 Environment Unusual Weather 404BC (Win.) Heavy snowstorm associated with the Battle of Phyle
53 Society War 405BC Battle of Aegospotami, obliteration of Athenian navy, end of Peloponnesian War
5726 Society Politics 408BC First plebeian quaestors elected at Rome
5725 Society Mass sickness 410BC Pestilence and famine, social unrest over land reform
5724 Society Politics 412BC Military Tribune murdered by his troops over his resistance to land reform
2670 Environment Unusual Weather 413BC Sep. 13 Escaping Athenians caught in torrential rain and massacred; End of the Sicilian Expedition
1271 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 413BC Aug. 27 Lunar eclipse caused Nicias to delay abandoning the siege of Syracuse leading to destruction of Athenian forces
2665 Geology Earthquake 413BC (Win.) Earthquake in Sparta
2664 Geology Earthquake 414BC (Spr.) Spartan military expedition against Argos abandoned due to earthquake
5723 Society Politics 414BC Turmoil over attempt to take annexed land from aristocrats and give to the people
2669 Environment Unusual Weather 415BC (Aut.) Athens launches attack on Syracuse during terrible storm
5722 Society Slave Rebellion 417BC Plot by slaves to seize Rome
2811 Celestial Meteor or Meteorite 419BC Numerous fireballs over several months, possible overhead meteor explosion; observed in Babylon
2663 Geology Earthquake 420BC (Sum.) Earthquake felt at Athens and Corinth while Alcibiades ranting against Spartans
2660 Geology Earthquake 424BC Mar. 31 Earthquake within 10 days of solar eclipse
2661 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 425BC Oct. 9 Lunar eclipse recorded by Aristophanes
52 Celestial Comet 425BC (Win.) Comet during the plague of Athens
2657 Geology Volcanic Eruption 425BC (Spr.) Eruption of Mount Etna
5721 Society Politics 425BC Plebeian agitation prevents consular elections
2387 Geology Tsunami 426BC Oct. Malian Gulf tsunami during Peloponnesian War
5204 Geology River/Water Table Anomalies 426BC Oct. Rivers and springs stopped flowing for several days, land sinking and rising prior to Malian Gulf tsunami
1398 Geology Earthquake 426BC (Sum.) Multiple earthquakes in Greece during Peloponnesian War
2655 Society Mass Death 426BC (Win.) Plague of Athens 3rd outbreak
2346 Society Mass Death 428BC (Spr.) Plague of Athens 2nd outbreak
5248 Society People 428BC Plato
69 Archeology Epidemic Mass Grave 430BC Plague of Athens thought to have been Typhoid
2852 Society Mass Death 430BC (Sum.) Plague of Athens 1st outbreak
5241 Society People 430BC Xenophon
2652 Celestial Solar Eclipse 431BC Aug. 31 Solar eclipse explained by Pericles thereby dispelling fear of the Athenians
2653 Geology Earthquake 431BC Earthquake at Delos warning of the beginning of the Peloponnesian War
51 Celestial Comet 433BC Broom Star, China
5720 Society Mass sickness 435BC Epidemic in Rome during which Latins attack
5719 Society Politics 437BC King of Veii executes Roman envoys; Aulus Cornelius Cossus kills him in single combat
1106 Society Famine 439BC Famine in early Rome, Cincinnatus made dictator, Spurius Maelius murdered for trying to help the poor
5295 Society People 439BC Spurius Maelius, advocate for the people, falsely accused and assassinated by Gaius Servilius Ahala
66 Society People 440BC Heraclitus, Early Stoicism
5542 Society Politics 445BC Third Secession of the Plebs demanding rights to consulship and marriage between patricians and plebeians: Lex de conubio patrum et plebis
5538 Society People 446BC Marcus Furius Camillus: longest-reigning Roman dictator until Sulla and Caesar; passed Lex Licinia under pressure
47 Society People 449BC Herodotus Writes The Histories
5717 Society Politics 449BC Kidnapping and death of Verginia and overthrow of the decemviri
5541 Society Politics 450BC Second Secession of the Plebs due to abuse of power by the decemviri; demanded restoration of plebeian tribune power and right of appeal
5718 Society Politics 450BC Illegal seizure of power by Decemvirs leads to reforms
5716 Society Laws and legal system 451BC Publication of the first ten of the Twelve Tables of law after agitation by plebeians
5715 Society Laws and legal system 455BC Lex Icilia distributes illegally held land on the Aventine to plebeians
5714 Society Politics 458BC Census at Rome
5239 Society People 460BC Democritus, philosopher
5700 Society Laws and legal system 460BC Riots in Rome over constitutional reforms, abuses of the aristocracy; exile of Caeso Quinctius
1314 Environment Atmospheric Prodigies 461BC Rained flesh that did not turn bad
5294 Society People 462BC Gaius Terentilius Harsa, plebeian tribune and advocate of formal law code for all
5699 Society Mass sickness 462BC Epidemic in Rome; both consuls among the victims
2649 Celestial Solar Eclipse 463BC Apr. 30 Solar eclipse observed by Pindar
1386 Geology Earthquake 464BC Sparta destroyed by earthquake, rocks fall from mountain peaks
49 Celestial Comet 466BC Meteorite falls at Aegospotami while bright comet is passing; Halley
46 Celestial Comet 469BC Broom Star observed in China
5212 Society People 470BC Socrates
5632 Society Expiation 470BC Urbinia, a Vestal Virgin, tried and executed for unchastity
5634 Society Mass sickness 470BC Pestilence attacked pregnant women killing both mothers and infants
5635 Society Prodigy 470BC Religious awe and fear of the gods owing to the occurrence of many prodigies and omens
5698 Society Laws and legal system 471BC Change in law of tribune elections to eliminate aristocratic manipulation
1425 Geology Tsunami 472BC Following volcanic eruption on Pithecussae, the sea retreated then turned back and deluged the island.
1426 Geology Volcanic Eruption 472BC Mount Epopos shot forth fire, collapse of land, great noise
5697 Society Politics 473BC Political strife between the orders, tribune Cnaeus Genucius murdered
5645 Society War 477BC Battle of the Cremera; 306 men of the Fabii gens sacrificed by the Veientes.
2360 Celestial Solar Eclipse 478BC Feb. 17 Solar eclipse
2906 Geology Volcanic Eruption 478BC Colonists abandon island of Pithecussae due to volcanic eruptions
48 Society War 479BC Aug. Battle of Plataea
2647 Celestial Unspecified Prodigies 479BC Aug. Battle of Plataea: apparition of Athena
2646 Geology Tsunami 479BC Mar. 29 Tsunami drowns Persian army ending siege of Potidea, model for Exodus story
2658 Geology Volcanic Eruption 479BC Eruption of Mount Etna
2640 Celestial Solar Eclipse 480BC Oct. 2 Solar eclipse recorded by Herodotus
5196 Celestial Canonical Solar Eclipse 480BC Oct. 2 Solar eclipse, annular, crosses north Africa
2644 Geology Earthquake 480BC Sep. 20 Earthquake on the day of the Battle of Salamis
44 Celestial Comet 480BC Sep. Horn shaped Comet, Battle of Salamis
45 Society War 480BC Sep. Battle of Salamis between Persians and Greeks; Xerxes, Themistocles,
2645 Celestial Tunguska-like event 480BC Sep. Roaring sound in sky, great flame of light and dust cloud
2642 Environment Unusual Weather 480BC Aug. 13 Battle of Artemisium: 1/3 of Persian fleet destroyed by 3 day storm
2643 Celestial Tunguska-like event 480BC Aug. Thunderbolts and rocks fall from mountain peaks on Persian troops
2641 Celestial Tunguska-like event 480BC Mar. Thunder and fiery winds, many in Persian army perish
5198 Society War 480BC (Spr.) Second Persian Invasion of Greece
5238 Society People 480BC Leucippus
5695 Society Laws and legal system 480BC Tribune attempts to introduce land reform bill
5696 Society War 480BC Battle with Veii; consul killed
43 Celestial Comet 481BC Oct. Sparkling star, Bushy Star observed in China
42 Celestial Comet 482BC Oct. Bushy Star observed in China
5615 Society Expiation 483BC Following a series of portents the vestal virgin Oppia/Opimia was found guilty of a breach of chastity; buried alive
5642 Society War 483BC The Fabian war with Veii
5694 Society Laws and legal system 484BC Jul. Temple of Castor and Pollux dedicated
5211 Society People 484BC Herodotus
5630 Society Expiation 485BC Supernatural portents expiated by punishment of Oppia, a Vestal virgin who was convicted of unchastity
5621 Society Politics 486BC Spurius Cassius Viscellinus authored agrarian law; accused of pandering to the masses and seeking kingship; executed
2638 Celestial Tunguska-like event 490BC Sep. 12 Battle of Marathon Divine Intervention
5195 Society Massacre 490BC Sep. 12 Battle of Marathon
2637 Geology Other 490BC Earthquake at Delos, said to be first by Herodotus
5236 Society People 490BC Zeno of Elea
5237 Society People 490BC Empedocles formulates 4 elements and 2 powers of the cosmos
5240 Society People 490BC Protagoras, first relativist
2636 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 491BC Apr. 25 Lunar eclipse, 31st year of Darius, Ptolemy
5625 Society Politics 491BC Gaius Marcius Coriolanus defects to the Volscii after enraging the patricians and plebeians
5197 Society War 492BC First Persian Invasion of Greece
5633 Society Famine 492BC Famine due to war
5276 Society Politics 493BC Foedus Cassianum, military alliance between the Latin cities with Rome
5543 Society Politics 493BC Plebeian Council's authority recognized by Patricians (unwillingly)
5540 Society Politics 494BC Dec. First Secession of the Plebs due to extreme debt and wealth/political inequality
5623 Society Politics 494BC Agitation of impoverished plebs; Titus Lartius unsuccessfully advocated measures to relieve the plebs from the burdens of debt
5629 Society War 494BC Volscians, the Aequi, and the Sabines join forces against Rome; defense by debtor-army
5275 Society War 495BC Volscian invasion; Rome's plebs refuse to fight without reforms and debt relief
5537 Society Politics 495BC Conflict of the Orders develops; political struggle between the Plebeians (commoners) and Patricians (aristocrats)
5626 Society Politics 495BC P. Servilius Priscus Structus passed edict for partial amelioration of debt slavery in order to levy an army
5627 Society War 495BC Rome defended against Volscians by army-of-debtors; soldiers allowed to plunder to relieve their poverty
5628 Society Politics 495BC Civil discord at Rome due to debt slavery and extreme poverty; plebs refuse military service
5693 Society Laws and legal system 497BC Dec. Temple of Saturn dedicated; first Saturnalia in Rome
5274 Society War 499BC Battle of Lake Regillus; thirty cities revolt against Rome
41 Celestial Comet 500BC Broom Star, China
5391 Archeology Dating Evidence 500BC La Tène culture develops from Iron Age Hallstatt culture; Celtoi, Galli; expands to Hispania, Italy, the Balkans, Asia Minor
5622 Society Politics 501BC Titus Lartius first Roman dictator
2633 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 502BC Nov. 19 Lunar eclipse 20th year of Darius, analyzed by Ptolemy
5273 Society War 503BC The Pometian revolt against Rome
5641 Society War 505BC War between Rome and the Sabines/Etruscans
5272 Society War 508BC Lars Porsena War between Clusium and Aricia; Rome acquires survivors as citizens
5640 Society War 508BC War with Etruscan Clusium; siege of Rome
5314 Society Politics 509BC Expulsion of Tarquinius Superbus, Founding of Roman Republic; Consuls: Lucius Iunius Brutus and Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus
5624 Society War 509BC Horatius Cocles defends Rome at the Sublicius bridge against Etruscans, Lars Porsenna
5639 Society War 509BC War with Veii and Tarquinii, after the overthrow of the monarchy in 509 BC
5235 Society People 515BC Parmenides of Elea
40 Celestial Comet 516BC Broom Star, China
5293 Society People 519BC Cincinnatus, patrician opponent of justice and equality under the law
5214 Society People 522BC Pindar
2632 Celestial Lunar Eclipse 523BC Jul. 16 Lunar eclipse 7th year of Cambyses analyzed by Ptolemy
39 Celestial Comet 525BC (Win.) Bushy Star, Antares, China
5063 Geology Earthquake 525BC Earthquake Palestine
38 Celestial Comet 532BC (Spr.) Comet or nova in Aquarius, China
5313 Society People 534BC Reign of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, seventh and last King of Rome
5233 Society People 535BC Heraclitus of Ephesus
5194 Society War 539BC Oct. Fall of Babylon to Cyrus the Great
2512 Geology Earthquake 544BC Earthquake predicted by Pherecydes of Syros
5471 Archeology Cultural Evidence 550BC Lepontic Language
2882 Society War 557BC May 19 Solar eclipse, Cyrus the Great captures Larissa
2627 Celestial Unspecified Prodigies 567BC Mar. 12 Sky glowing red in the West observed from Babylon
5213 Society People 570BC Pythagoras
5231 Society People 570BC Xenophanes
5638 Society War 571BC Nov. 25 War with Veii and the Etruscans, under Servius Tullius
5311 Society Assassination 578BC Assassination of Tarquinius by the sons of Ancus Marcius
5312 Society People 578BC Reign of Servius Tullius, the Etruscan 'Mastarna', sixth King of Rome; building of defenses, division of Rome into districts, other reforms
2900 Society War 580BC Battle of the Sagra: Apparition of the Dioscuri
1269 Celestial Solar Eclipse 584BC May 28 First predicted solar eclipse, Thales of Miletus
5230 Society People 585BC Anaximenes of Miletus
5271 Society War 588BC Second Latin War; Rome acquires more territory
5375 Archeology Mass Migration Evidence 600BC The 1.4 kiloyear "Bond" event; mass migration period